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Open Thread: US Backs anti-Maduro Coup in Venezuela

Caracas, Venezuela January 23, 2019. REUTERS/Carlos Garcia Rawlins

In a move that many of us saw coming, the US has backed efforts to force Nicolas Maduro from the Presidency of Venezuela. Earlier today Donald Trump officially recognised Juan Guaido, the leader of Venezuela’s defunct National Assembly as “interim President”.

This move was backed by Canada, Brazil, Argentina, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Chile and Peru. The EU were also quick to back regime change, although leaders of specific EU states are yet to make their positions know. It is doubtful any of us will be surprised when they do.

The noteworthy – and predictable – rebels on American continent were the leftist governments of Mexico and Bolivia.

This move has been on the cards for a while, with John Bolton – Trump’s National Security Advisor – tweeting this just last week:

This is very clearly a call for open revolution – note the language: “including the military”.

Obviously any coup needs the military backing it to be successful. Though there are reports of large protests on the streets of Caracas – both for and against the President – the military have not got involved on the ground so far. Howver, they did release a statement disavowing Guaido and the “dark interests” supporting him. They went on to declare that they stand by President Maduro in support of Venezuela’s national sovereignty.

Lacking, for now, the support of Venezuela’s own military the only way the coup can succeed is with military help from a foreign power, the obvious candidates being the US, NATO and Brazil’s new President Jair Bolsonaro – a cross between Pinochet and a used car salesman. He has previously said he would back a military invasion of Venezuela.

What the US/NATO/whoever need is a pretext to invade – enter The Guardian et al.

In their story covering the on-going crisis (Venezuela: what happens now after two men have claimed to be president?) The Guardian quotes Eric Farnsworth, a former US diplomat and vice-president of the Council of the Americas, who says:

[Maduro might] turn sharpshooters on crowds and try to scare everybody back home”

Guardian reporter Tom Philips then says this:

If that happened, the US and the international community would be forced to react.

Which is their way of saying if anyone gets shot, or even injured, in these protests then the US (and allies?) will move to intervene militarily. They would be “forced” to, apparently.

Expect this angle to replayed, a lot, all throughout the mainstream media in the coming days. Op-eds will remind us of the “cost of inaction” in Syria. Some people will write that though Trump is a monster, he is at least elected and we should stand with him in defense of democracy. Stuff like that.

The bottom line will be – we NEED to act in Venezuela because Maduro is “massacring” his own people to hold onto power.

They’ve tipped their hand with a reference to “sharpshooters” killing civilians.

This is, of course, the exact scenario we saw play out in Ukraine in 2014. “Sharpshooters” were “turned loose” on the crowd, killing several dozen people (police and protestors alike). This violence was used to declare Victor Yanukovych’s government “illegitimate”, and replace him with a leader more to the US’s liking. Evidence has since emerged showing the shots were likely fired by non-government marksmen in a bid to escalate the violence.

The same fate awaits Venezuela and Maduro – except Venezuela doesn’t have a super-power on its borders, so the US won’t have to keep the gloves on this time. Venezuela could feel the full force of America’s “humanitarian” armed forces. There are people on the streets – all it needs is one tiny spark, one slight act of violence, and the whole situation will explode.

The US Deep State has shown before that they are more than able to create a spark when they need one.

Important questions:

  • Will the Venezuelan military continue to stand by Maduro?
  • Will there be violence on the streets?
  • If so, how long before there are calls for “humanitarian intervention”?
  • What will the position of the European leaders be?
  • Will the US try to get a UN mandate to act in Venezuela? Would they be successful if they did?
  • Will “The Resistance” criticise Trump for interfering in Venezuela’s democracy?

Kit Knightly is co-editor of OffGuardian. The Guardian banned him from commenting. Twice. He used to write for fun, but now he's forced to out of a near-permanent sense of outrage.

Filed under: discussion threads, empire watch, featured, latest, United States, Venezuela

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Kit Knightly is co-editor of OffGuardian. The Guardian banned him from commenting. Twice. He used to write for fun, but now he's forced to out of a near-permanent sense of outrage.

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Robert Laine

OffG is a great venue for examining various narratives and freely expressing points of view based on interpretation of events without fear of being smeared. The commentary on the complex Venezuelan crisis has been robust and in comments so far, there seems to be a consensus on OffG (not shared by the majority of USAmerican MSM) that a US invasion would produce disastrous results.

My interpretaton of the “facts” is based on information about Venezuela gained from a variety of sources in Spanish and English since 2007 (when I retired and moved to Chile), and on my values which include democratic control, social ownership and self-determination.

Much of the current political discussion relates to the three components of Article 233 in the 1999 Chávez Constitution:

1. The National Assembly(AN) has the power to declare the position of President vacant and did so when President Maduro completed his term of office on January 10, 2019.

The AN declared the position vacant stating that the presidential election of May 2018 did not adhere to the Constitution in terms of time frame etc.

In the parliamentary elections of December 2015 the opposition won 112 of the 167 seats (67%) for a supermajority. Three of the opposition seats were contested by the National Election Board (CNE) which has not ruled on them yet.

2. A new election must be held within 30 days

It will be almost impossible to effect a new election within the time limit. For example, the election has not yet been called, primaries must be held, the CNE acts very slowly, etc. Hence, extending the time limit would be an important point of discussion in the dialog.

3. The President of the AN becomes the Interim President automatically until the election if he/she accepts the responsibility.

Juan Guaidó (why dough) was elected as an AN deputy in 2010. He became President of the AN on January 5, 2019. He accepted the position of Interim President on January 23, 2019.

Hopefully this situation can be resolved through dialog without resorting to more violence (40 dead in one week and 850 detained including 77 children according to UN).

Martin Usher
Martin Usher

I think that it is fortunate that most Americans aren’t into irony. I read an editorial piece in yesterday’s Los Angeles Times about Venezuela that could very well have been written about the US — a Presidential election that was potentially flawed with the election carried by a minority due to quirks in the system, a deeply unpopular President that’s incapable of governing but rather a slave to a clique of special interests, an assembly that’s opposed to the President and so on.** Nobody seemed to think it was out of place that one severely dysfunctional government should dictate to any other government — dysfunctional or not — how it conducts its affairs. Its interesting that the countries that fell into line behind the US are also not exactly shining examples of democracy and good government — the UK with its Brexit debacle, France with its unrest among its population, all of these countries have pressing domestic issues that need attention but somehow its more important to save Venezuela from itself. (Because we all know better — the rhetoric about freedom and democracy is pure, Grade ‘A’. Bullshit — the only thing we’re interested in saving are the oil reserves.)

(**I don’t know what conditions are like in Venezuela or the level of popular opposition but I’d guess its nothing like as bad as the US!)

comite espartaco

There is a true and clear parallelism between the political situation in the USA and Venezuela (Paleozuela) and other countries. A parallelism born from ultraliberal immigrationism and the unfair competition unleashed by a globalised world.

In the USA, an alliance of workers and industrialists, through their ‘democratically’ elected (under the current Constitutional rules) President Trump, are fighting to take control of the political system from a treacherous immigrationist oligarchy, that has opened the country to a globalist assault and undermined the industrial and military strength of the nation, as well as the security and wellbeing of its citizens. This ‘American’ globalist oligarchy, is waging a relentless war of attrition, through the political institutions it controls and, above all, through a brutal media war that seeks to regain power by promoting a constant state of emergency and tension, through fake news and the mobilisation of their obamist, anticommunist lefties and minoritymonger supporters (feminazis, black supremacists, etc…), in readiness for the next elections and beyond.

The victories of President Trump in the USA, Brexit in the UK and anti-immigrationist parties in Italy and, more recently, in Spain or the antiglobalist (‘anti-immigrationist’…?!!!) protests in France, is a measure of the strength of political systems that owe their, relative, freedom and democratic character, to the constant and brutal pressure of a strong and internationally organised socialist working class.

In Venezuela, power is being ‘usurped’, actually and unconstitutionally (according to their own Bolivarian Constitution), by an extreme left wing version of the globalist oligarchy. This is, precisely, what the immigrationist American oligarchy (and others around the world), wants to do in the USA, by putting in doubt and undermining the constitutional mechanisms and laws for the election of Presidents. What is more, this is, precisely, what they did before Trump’s victory, as mass uncontrolled immigration, unfair competition, etc… are, essentially, unconstitutional and illegal.

However, there are important differences that characterise Venezuela. The lack of a strong working class socialist movement in an underdeveloped country, has allowed the growth of leftist, ‘agrarian socialism’ or ‘magic socialism’, that is, fantastic and fake ideologies (ethnicism, racism, bolivarianism, etc…), that do not and cannot challenge the existing order, but reinforce or worsen it. That is why Venezuela is crumbling from the inside. The Communist Party (parties), fooled and leftified, is not independent and is just an appendage of the anticommunist Bolivarian movement.

Also, the Venezuelan opposition, is a combination of the old globalist, right wing, feudal oligarchy, bent on recovering power and new sectors that are being destroyed, starved or forced out of the country by misgovernment. This forced migration is what allows other countries to intervene, as it constitutes a Venezuelan demographic aggression to its neighbours. That is why Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Spain and others, are against the Bolivarian Misgovernment in Venezuela.

The Venezuelan opposition is, in many ways, reactionary and as vile as the Bolivarian Misgovernment. But, we should not forget that, real revolutions are usually triggered by reaction.

comite espartaco

Just now (26/01/19, 12:22 Spanish time), the ‘Socialist’, feminist, immigrationist and globalist Misgovernment of Spain, supported by the Bolivarian party Podemos, has given an ultimatum to the Misgovernment of Paleozuela, that is, to Maduro, to call free and fair elections in a period of 8 days or Spain will recognise Mr Guaidó as legitimate President of Venezuela. Remains to be seen if the Bolivarians of Podemos will bring down their own Misgovernment in Spain…!!!

MaryP
MaryP

It is like a train-wreck in slow motion, it is all so predictable yet so hard to stop: the USA + its neo-fascist Allies sabotaging a non-neo-liberal government yet again.

Same playbook as Nixon/Kissinger’s “make-Chile’s-Economy-SCREAM”, when they wanted to take down Allende. It is even the same personell at times, now that Pompeo yesterday has named the butcher-of-Central-America, Elliott Abrams, as the guy to “fix” Venezuela.

YES, THAT Elliott Abrams, who was convicted for Iran-Contra affair + has the blood of 100,000s on his hands, in Guatemala alone. Check out this interview with him from 1995: the brutish laughter shows EXACTLY what our keepers think of us + humanity in gerneral. Creepy!

https://youtu.be/dXrxQghfuxA?t=1s

comite espartaco

The Bolivarian Misgovernment of Venezuela (Paleozuela), IS a ultraliberal misgovernment. No matter how many red flags they try to wave, the truth is that the Bolivarians ARE ultraliberal, immigrationist, globalist, feminist, ethnicist, and racist, that is, they have all the characteristics of a LIBERAL movement. Their supporters and allies, are also the most fanatic liberals in the world: China, Russia, Turkey, Iran, etc… are supercapitalist, oligarchic, slave driven and fuelled economies. The Iran-Contra affair was an anticommunist plot, as much American as Iranian, to destroy the Nicaraguan ‘revolution’ and the Soviet influence in the area. It is not strange, then, that Iran is one the main supporters of Maduro, when the US is turning towards Working Class politics.

milosevic
milosevic

you sound like that Breivik nazi scumbag in Norway. why don’t you f*** off to somewhere else?

comite espartaco

It is called free speech. We understand ‘Off Guardian’ was created to protect and promote free speech…!!! Aren’t you in the wrong place…???!!!

milosevic
milosevic

your fascist propaganda isn’t fooling anyone. return to your CIA masters. tell them that you have failed.

comite espartaco

Everyone knows or should know, that there are many types of Nazis. You are, obviously, one of the leftist variety. A rearguard Nazi, that is, because it is not even clear that you would have the courage of your silly convictions (who would with that convictions?), to be a proper War Nazi or a Summer Nazi, as the Soviets use to call them. The real Milosevic would have understood all that…

the pair
the pair

apologies in advance if this double-posts. wordpress javascript needs serious help.

i just saw a piece in the guardian and thought “what better place to mock it” than off-g.

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jan/24/risk-catastrophic-us-intervention-venezuela

it starts off with a promising title but 4.5 paragraphs in the usual mainstream right-of-center qualifiers we all know so well:

“This is not because Maduro deserves anyone’s support or sympathy”

well, he does deserve the support of the MORE THAN 6 MILLION VOTERS who elected him. he also deserves sympathy for trying to run a country under economic and regional siege by ayn rand spawn. if the writer cares so much about “support” then maybe he should ask why a rando yuppie who never even RAN FOR OFFICE should be declared “president”.

you’d assume that the “resistance” types would be against this nonsense just out of reflexive anti-trump habit. but then it’s a short leap from “he’s not my president derpa derp impeachment” to “i’d prefer those beaners not have the guy they want because petroreasons”. the only elections that count are the ones that turn out how the US wants and that has always been 100% “bipartisan”. see also: ukraine, gaza, syria, russia and most of south america.

it also makes sense that a reliable source of “remainer” spew would be on the same page as the EU idiots who bleat that “maduro must go” as mindlessly as they said the same about assad. how’s that working out, by the way? so they continue to strain against their troublesome human instincts and preface every otherwise laudable utterance with “now, i know _____ is a horrible satanic rapist who eats babies…BUUUUUUUT…” and then pat themselves on the back for being “the rational one in the room’.

harry stotle
harry stotle

Some of the ill-informed dross BTL shows how conditioned a substantial proportion of the Guardian readership has become.

Syria, and certainly Libya, and Iraq they have already forgotten about.

So first they rubbish Maduro, displaying almost no insight into the complex geopolitics shaping Latin America and from there is is but a short step to bad-mouthing Jeremy Corbyn followed by portentous warning about t’evils of socialism (name-checking Soviet Russia and China along the way, natch).

It doesn’t seem to dawn on them that the dead bodies beamed into their living room from various US war zones are a direct consequence of the very ideology they unwittingly support; neoconservatism.

The very same readers tremble at the name of Tommy Robinson yet seem oblivious to the fact the US and Israel are standing shoulder to shoulder with actual fascists in Brazil or indeed any paramilitary group willing to kill people in order to further US business interests.

One would have thought they might have become fed up with history proving them wrong all the time, but no, apparently not, they are once again falling into the same trap of endorsing violent regime change without bothering to aquaint themselves with the circumstances driving the latest upheaval.

John A
John A

Most of the BTL comments in the Guardian today come from the Hasbara, Integrity Intiative, GCHQ etc., armies of online swarms. At times, you get the impression the Guardian notifies these units of when a piece open to comments will be published, and then they can swarm in and spread their filth and recommend the filth posted by others of their ilk. Putin bad, Madero bad, Trump bad, Corbyn bad etc etc. I have given up there, especially as anything remotely critical of the Guardian’s line gets moderated immediately.

comite espartaco

To Mark.
You don not seem to understand the situation in Venezuela. The reason Mr Guaidó has proclaimed himself ‘Acting’ President, is because the opposition WON the last elections to the National Assembly. It is, precisely for that reason, that ‘President’ Maduro created a new Assembly, to bypass the majority of the National Assembly. This is clearly an unconstitutional move and Mr Maduro, technically, that is, according to the very same Bolivarian Constitution (‘created’ by President Chávez), is not the legal President of Venezuela.

bevin
bevin

You are entirely wrong. As wrong as the apologists for the coup against Honduras’s Zelaya were to charge him with unconstitutional acts.
In fact the appropriate court in Venezuela has found that the Constituent Assembly was properly convened and is acting legally. The 2016 elections to the National Assembly were invalid.
The electoral process used in elections to the Constituent and Presidency is more transparent, fairer and more equitable than any other in the world.
Maduro is the President and the Constituent Assembly is the legislature.

comite espartaco

The ‘appropriate court in Venezuela’ is Mauro’s court, judges from the regime… of course they are going to favour Maduro. The surprising thing is that, after having ruled for so long (20 years), and having all the resorts of power, the Bolivarians LOST the election, big time, against an opposition that is not a model of virtues. That gives the measure of the misgovernment of the chavista regime and explains today’s situation of a Bolivarian oligarchy that never had a clear goals and is ideologically and intellectually deficient.

mark
mark

The Opposition has lost every election it has contested over the past 20 years.
Elections that have been uniformly endorsed as free and fair.
As a result, often it doesn’t even bother contesting elections any more because it knows it will lose and just embarrass itself.
The Opposition represent nobody but themselves, a small Quisling comprador elite bankrolled by US regime change outfits, Big Oil and foreign corporate interests.
It tries to get round this by violence, both by attempting military coups, assassinations, and using its paramilitary street thugs generously funded by Uncle Sam to foment as much chaos as possible.

I am calling for Trump to step down as US President immediately.
He is illegitimate, a usurper. Trump is a dictator.
He is illegitimate, corrupt, incompetent, undemocratic to the core.
Clinton won 3 million more votes than Trump.
Clinton is the legitimate President.
Patriotic elements in the armed forces and security forces should rise up and overthrow this illegitimate dictator with as much force as necessary.
The population should rise up throughout the country and stage mass uprisings and demonstrations, using as much force as necessary to remove the Trump Regime and install Mrs. Clinton as Acting President pending new elections.

In the UK, the May Regime has got to go. It is time for May to stand down.
The May Regime has only minority support and depends on the support of her bigoted, racist cronies from Northern Ireland.
She is illegitimate, corrupt, incompetent, undemocratic to the core.
The May Regime has caused chaos and is leading the country to the brink of disaster.
I am stepping forward to offer myself as Acting Prime Minister to lead an interim government pending new elections.
I am calling on patriotic elements of the armed forces for their support, and mass demonstrations throughout the country until this illegitimate regime steps down.
I am requesting financial support from
May must go.
All financial support from people of goodwill in friendly countries is welcome.

Macron must also step down as President de la Republique.
He has lost all legitimacy and has to go. His approval rating is in single figures.
He is corrupt, illegitimate, incompetent, undemocratic to the core.
On his watch, France has descended into chaos.
I am calling on patriotic elements to remove this illegitimate president, and support Mme. Le Pen as Acting President to restore order pending new elections. All patriotic Frenchmen must take to the streets and stage mass demonstrations until Macron steps down.
All financial support from friendly countries is welcome.

mark
mark

The Opposition did not just not win the elections, they did not even lose them. They did not even take part – on Washington’s instructions. They knew that they had minimal support outside the Washington Beltway and would just humiliate themselves by losing again, like they have lost every other election they have contested.

They represent Wall Street, the Big Oil Companies, the State Department, their CIA handlers, and the tiny comprador Quisling elite with homes in Miami who worship at the altar of all things American. Nobody else. That’s why, even if these clowns do manage to stage a coup, like in 2002, it will not last for more than a couple of days before it degenerates into broad farce and collapses.

This is another Regime Change stunt that is going nowhere. Like Iraq, like Syria, like Libya, like Ukraine. Captain Donald Chaos and his hapless henchmen will tear around like the Sorcerer’s Apprentice, as they have so many times before. These desperadoes are just re treads from previous hare brained military adventures over the past 20 years like Bolton, Abrams, Kagan, Cheney, and all the rest. It’s a Who’s Who of the no hopers who have led the US to disaster before. They will do so again. Venezuela and Iran may well prove to be the final nails in the coffin of US aggression and western imperialism. Syria was Stalingrad. Venezuela and iran will be Kursk and Berlin.

He can’t even build a wall. With Captain Chaos and his Merry Men in charge, what could possibly go wrong?

harry stotle
harry stotle

Surely the educated western public are not so thick they will fall for media generated lies about the need for US-backed regime change in Venezuela?

By now the bigger picture must have dawned on them following US invasions or black-ops in Grenada, Panama, Iraq, Syria, Libya, Viet Nam, Afghanistan, Kuwait, Chile, Yugoslavia, etc, etc.

It would certainly be disappointing if they made gratuitous references to Corbyn or the fact – fill in name of leader the US don’t like – harmed his ‘own people’ because that would take a special kind of stupid not to see they are being played in order to self-evident military and corporate interests.

mark
mark

Our American friends are nothing if not predictable.

Regime Change 101:-

1. Attack any sovereign, independent country with economic strangulation and economic warfare.
2. Groom some pliable local stooge to act as the Quisling puppet.
3. Declare the elected leader and government to be “illegitimate/ corrupt/ incompetent/ undemocratic.”
4. Get all the presstitutes in the bought and paid for MSM to incite a campaign of smear and vilification against the target country.
5. Get the NED/ USAID and all the CIA Regime Change Fronts to create and bankroll paramilitary street thugs from any available criminal gangs and low life.
6. Assassinate, or try to assassinate, the elected leaders of the target country.
7. Try to incite a military coup by any stooge generals who can be bought.
8. Get the street thugs to foment as much murder and mayhem as possible, attack police, burn down government buildings, close the capital and major cities down with riots and barricades.
9. Get the presstitute media to howl with outrage against “repression and human rights abuses” when the government and police try to restore order.
10. Get your satraps in satellite countries like Canada, France, UK, Brazil to parrot all the smears of the target country and call for regime change.

Marb
Marb
NOBTS
NOBTS

Anybody else wonder if the “international community” consensus on springing this coup might have been taken at Davos?

Robert Laine

Thanks, Kit, for keeping the danger of another humanitarian intervention on the screen. Off-G is a great forum for discussing from various points of view the Venezuela issue which has become overly polarised. My comments on your questions follow.

1. The Venezuelan military high command will probably continue to stand by Maduro. After the 2002 coup attempt, Chavez replaced most of those in place with his own picks. The several thousand Cuban troops in Venezuela would also stand by him. The “colonels” and other military types who are the source of most Latin American coup attempts (eg. Col. Chavez in 1992) are a wildcard. If they think they have enough support internally and externally they might revolt. Also, as a military man and #2 in the government, Cabello could turn them against his rival Maduro, a civilian, for his own gain.

2. Mass violence on the streets is unlikely. The last major street fighting resulted in a limited number of deaths, mainly caused by “colectivos”, praetorian guards on motorcycles who Chavez was able to control but became lethal after his death. There is little advantage in mass killings since the government has mostly achieved its ends through jailing potential political threats, such as popular presidential candidates.

3. As you point out, there are already calls for humanitarian intervention from some of the local elite, US neocons, and the MSM and warrior pundits. With Afghanistan, Iraq and other interventions as examples, the possibility of throwing out the baby with the bath water in the process is quite likely; therefore preventing military intervention is paramount.

4. Positions of European leaders will be a mixed bag given the diversity in the EU. The UK usually supports the US. Germany is starting to become more independent thus support for military intervention is unlikely.

5. Getting a UN mandate would be difficult with Russia and China sitting with veto powers on the Security Council.

6. The Resistance (fake left?) would criticise Trump to gain political advantage by perhaps pointing out that Russian bombers are currently using an airbase on a Venezuelan island, but would likely support interference in Venezuela as HRC did in Honduras.

The question still remains: how can the serious humanitarian crisis in Venezuela be reduced if we agree that foreign military intervention is counter-productive? Basic food items, for example, are becoming more scarce.Venezuela went from producing 70% of its food domestically in 2000 to less than 30% by 2013. With the oil price crash it became harder to pay for food imports. Also, in 2017 Venezuela was tied with Honduras for the world’s second highest murder rate at 56 per 100,000 (El Salvador was #1 at 85) with drug-related violence the main factor.

The Venezuela crisis has little negative impact on Chile and even some positives, such as an increase in qualified doctors for our system and some fantastic new bakeries. Apart from the pain the majority of those in Venezuela are experiencing, I lament the lost opportunity for the development of a more collective economic system to contrast the current world neoliberal model.

bevin
bevin

“The question still remains: how can the serious humanitarian crisis in Venezuela be reduced if we agree that foreign military intervention is counter-productive? Basic food items, for example, are becoming more scarce..”
Ending economic sanctions would be one obvious solution.
Returning Venezuela’s gold reserves and its assets in the US would also allow its government to take the emergency measures needed while confiscating the property and particularly the landholdings of the oligarchic Fifth column which is creating famine in order to provoke violence.
As to the fiction that violence on the street is caused by the Venezuelan police the record shows otherwise: as in the Maidan in Kiev the greatest threat to lives is the existence of snipers and agents provocateurs in the pay of the opposition, who are reduced to such tactics because they cannot win elections.
This link to the Skwawkbox gives a good summary:
https://skwawkbox.org/2019/01/25/i-live-5hr-queues-for-bread-im-living-in-cutest-little-apartment-in-paris-the-same-venezuelan/

John Gilberts
John Gilberts

“This is astonishing. Chrystia Freeland standing next to Brazil’s far right Bolsonaro in Davos to announce Canada’s support for a coup in Venezuela…”

https://twitter.com/derrickokeefe/status/1088280556104456704

No surprise to find Canada’s Foreign Minister Freeland supporting her American overlords, given her fondness for such things especially the one that put her Banderite friends into power in Kiev.

softechsteveabbott

No surprise to find Twitter being so sorry that page doesn’t exist….

bevin
bevin

Its a great pity that Canada’s Foreign minister is so very nazi.

vexarb
vexarb

Update from PNW on SyrPer:

Pacificnorthwest #285492

Confirmation from telesur that the Venezuelan military is standing with the legitimate government of Venezuela agaibst the US backed coup plotters:

Defense Minister Padrino, Military’s Top Brass Affirms Loyalty to President Maduro

General Vladimir Padrino in a statement from the ministry and in the company of the military leadership said that the United States and other governments are executing a war against Venezuela. “I warn the people that there is a coup underway against our democracy and our president Nicolas Maduro,” Padrino said during the press conference. “As soldiers, we work for peace and not for war.”

https://www.telesurenglish.net/news/Venezuela-Defense-Minister-Padrino-Militarys-Top-Brass-Affirms-Loyalty-to-President-Maduro-20190124-0013.html

mark
mark

Just listened to Sky News droning on about “the corrupt hated Maduro regime” and its “repression”, “because it controls the guns.”

MichaelK
MichaelK

Ideally Washington wants the rightwing coup to succeed and topple the Bolivarians from power without the Americans having to intervene directly because US troops on the ground is an incredibly dangerous strategy that could easily backfire and lead to massively negative reaction across Latin America. So, I don’t see an American ‘invasion’ happening soon.

Venzuela appears to be heading for something that looks like ‘civil war’, that’s bad enough. It could spread and destabliise more than just Venezuela. Let’s hope the army stays loyal. The role of the army will be crucial.

Grand Washington strategy seems to be to destabilise and destroy any and all states that don’t accept Washington’s leading role in the world. Either one is a loyal vassal state or an enemy ripe for destruction as a functioning state. Libya and Iraq aren’t ‘mistakes’ but the preferred model for the future, if one refuses to bow to Washington. This strategy is so outrageous, bloody, destructive and criminal, that most liberals and soft-left types cannot face it or recognise it, despite the evidence it exists and is what’s happening; the return of brazen, bloody and open western imperialism across the globle.

This fate, the choice between slavery or destruction, is what’s in store for Russia and China too, change your regime or be destroyed, one way or another.

mark
mark

One possible outcome is igniting a 50 year Colombia style civil war destabilising the whole continent.

John Ervin
John Ervin

The whole methodolgy is spelled out in the 5 page introduction to “Confessions of an Economic Hit Man” which is available for a free peak at the Amazon page (if nothing else).

If all the EHM and jackals fail, bring in the Marines.

And, we have the redoubtable Smedley Butler to thank for giving us a glimpse of their script in his tell-all “War is a Racket”.

80 years ago, he said that as top rank Marine brass he was no more nor less than “hired muscle to prop up U.S. business interests.”

So, if there’s any mystery to Venezuela, at least it’s no longer a secret mystery.

It’s all about the money. That is, “fossil fuels.”

If it’s branded as ideological, that is like branding Al Capone as “ideological.”

OK, OK, enough quotation marks, already, LOL

Robert J.
Robert J.

I may be wrong, or hopelessly optimistic, but certain factors might work against the agenda of Washington & Friends:

– the Brazilian army doesn’t have interventionism built in into its genes. Last foreign war of relevance was the war of Paraguay, 150 years ago — if we’ll except the participation in WWII on the Allies’ side which the previously Nazi-friendly Brazilian dictatorship (although not Vargas himself, but that’s too much detail) were forced into at gun point (by the US, natürlich.) After the latest dictatorship came to an end in the early 1980’s the military have tried hard to make themselves unnoticed, or irrelevant. The top brass’ recent reaction to the wish of politically born-again Christian Bolsonaro to have the US open a new military base in Brazil seems to indicate that they won’t be running to invade Venezuela.

– Columbia’s military could get slightly overwhelmed if the FARC or other such characters were to give Maduro an indirect helping hand.

– foreign intervention by the military of Peru, Paraguay, Panama…? Let’s get serious. Although we shouldn’t dismiss the participation of the British and French elements that have been decommissioned in Libya and in Syria. Nor the capabilities of enterprising and well-paid forces of mercenaries.

– Russia’s recent visit to Venezuela in the guise of a couple of bomber aircrafts might have had the timely effect of calming down the tempers of any wishful invader.

– then there’s the US — one more quagmire to demonstrate the US military’s incapacity to conquer anything else than the likes of Granada and Panama? Although… the ultimate plan could very well be the breaking-up of Venezuelan society, turning it into a non-functional state, as has been the case in Iraq and Libya, and tentatively, Syria. The desired result, I should think, being a new rise in oil prices worldwide.

Lochearn
Lochearn

The shortages of goods in Venezuela are due to capitalists holding back products in their warehouses in order to provoke social and economic strife. The government has been slow to set up alternative systems to provide these products.
If one reads the WikiLeaks cables relating to US policy in Venezuela they reveal a vast undercover operation extending to the creation of women’s groups in isolated rural areas. It is an excellent case study of how NGOs are used to destabilize governments which do not act in the sole interest of the bankers, the transnationals and domestic elites..
In the economy generally there has been what FDR called a capital strike where very little money is being injected into businesses. Without the capital strike in the United States the economy would have recovered by 1935. With its own oil, a vast country and an ambitious population of immigrants there was no reason for the US to be in a depression until the outbreak of WWII. “Socialist” Britain of the 1970s is another example of sabotage by the elites, eager as they were to pave the way for the entry of Thatcherism.

For a brilliant history of the region see “Open Veins of Latin America” by the late Eduardo Galeano.

comite espartaco

That’s right, the Bolivarian Misgovernment is 20 years too LATE… since 1999…!!! Sabotage and blockade, the excuses of Cuba do not wash anymore… The Bolivarian friends have capital; China, Russia, Iran… are awash with it. Venezuela has capital… OIL… but these crooks have it in Switzerland, Andorra, Spain…!!! Venezuela has NGO’s in Spain, Greece, etc… in fact it has POLITICAL PARTIES IN POWER… Podemos, Syriza…!!!

jag37777

CIA stooge.

comite espartaco

Another cretin? If you have something to say or contribute do so. Do not be afraid, this is a free speech area, even if you are a moron…!!!

intergenerationaltrauma

comite espartaco – In response to your referring to other commentators as “morons” and “cretins” a quote from Shakespeare comes to mind:

“me thinks the troll boy doth project too much!”

Or was it, “me thinks the lady doth protest too much?” Well, whatever, you get the idea.

comite espartaco

How delicate and petulant are those who insult, thinking that those they insult are dumb and unable to defend themselves… Fair is foul and fouls is fair… hover through the fog and filthy air…!!!

John Ervin
John Ervin

He DID have something to contribute. He called you “CIA stooge”

OK, OK, maybe that was too generous. We see your point.

£4£4£………………€

“I seen the varmint!”
-Louis L’Amour

balkydj

Balky laughing & chuckling , (indeed balky almost choked), on that particularly refreshing ‘royal minty’ metaphor and observations of yours, John . . .

For the love of God & Louis (C4K), $4$ somethings are obvious and crystal clear in terms of ‘pixelisation’ , thus balky has often wondered if Comite Espartaco-bell is in fact the boss of the British 77th Brigade / Division, in mind , coz’ he ain’t one of their 19 yr. old kids and seems to have a far better vocab & education .. than anybody in the CIA 😉

Lol, great comments , JE on form 🙂 Al Capone “ideology” says everything-everything 😉

John Ervin
John Ervin

Just yet one more, and mere, humble Conspiracy Realist, at your service.

And Comite was Colonel Blimp in a former life, though not as funny as this one.

mark
mark

Dear CE,

I’m no fan of centrally planned controlled economies.
But consider the reality for a moment. America has waged an unrelenting campaign of economic strangulation against Cuba for 60 years. This has cost a small and relatively poor country in excess of $1 trillion. Don’t you think if Cuba had just been left alone that $1 trillion could have produced a better way of life for the people there? Cuba has been unable to use medical monitoring equipment bought from Holland because it has a small US component. If Cuba buys Italian textile machinery that is taken to Cuba in a Greek merchant ship, both that Italian company and the Greek ship are boycotted by the US. And this has been going on for 60 years. When the tourist industry grew over recent years, CIA terrorist proxies placed bombs in Cuban tourist hotels. The US mounted a protracted terrorist campaign against Cuba targeting power stations, bridges, industry and infrastructure. Over 3,000 Cubans were murdered. There were 600 attempts to assassinate Castro. These failed because Castro had very good security and often slept at a different address every night. And of course the country was actually invaded. There is an ongoing destabilisation campaign against Cuba by USAID, NED, and all the usual suspects. Do you seriously believe all this had no effect on the economy?

You could say much the same about most of the countries of the region. There has been an all out campaign of regime change and economic strangulation against Venezuela for 20 years. The US actually mined Nicaraguan territorial waters to try to cripple the economy. The US was ordered to desist by the ICC and pay compensation to Nicaragua. It just ignored the verdict.

comite espartaco

Dear Mark

Economic strangulation of would be communist regimes or others, is nothing new. It does not mean that is not harmful, of course it is, but that is the name game when you have a revolution. The US does not need to support or make life easy for anyone, especially if it is being constantly accused of imperialism, etc… Cuba had the support of the USSR and others and though it certainly managed to make solid and excellent advances, it could not outgrow its Soviet ‘dependency’, reacting too late to the collapse of the USSR. Cuba is a ‘personalist’ regime, a monarchy, that has not managed to create a constitutional regime with adequate mechanisms for the transfer of power, democratic control and the incorporation of the population to the political process. That is why the Castros are still in power and that is why the regime is on the brink of ‘collapse’ (as soon as Castro II dies). Today the elite, including the Castro family and the military, is jockeying for positions to share the wealth of the island (tourism, mines, etc…) and few doubt that they will try to create a capitalist system based on the Chinese model, if the military and the people do not do something about it, that is.

milosevic
milosevic

LOL at “constantly accused of imperialism”.

Yes, it’s those constant accusations of imperialism that are really ruining the world.

comite espartaco

If you hate the US so much… Why do you want to trade with it or have relations with it…???!!! I f they are so bad close all channels, do a North Korea. Though, even North Korea wants commerce and charity from the US… perhaps not to die of starvation…!!!

mark
mark

Castro was not originally communist or pro Russia. He was condemned and criticised by the Cuban Communist Party. He had to turn to Russia for help to survive in the face of unremitting US hostility. They didn’t want the US to “support” or “make life easy” for them. Probably they were hoping for some kind of accommodation, not US invasions, 600 plus assassination attempts against the head of state, 60 years of economic strangulation costing them over $1 trillion, and a decades long terrorist campaign costing thousands of Cuban lives. But of course when you’re “exceptional” and “indispensable” you can do what you like.

Maggie
Maggie

”CIA terrorist proxies placed bombs in Cuban tourist hotels.”
The King David Hotel bombing was an attack carried out on Monday July 22, 1946 by the militant Zionist underground organization Irgun on the British administrative headquarters for Palestine, which was housed in the southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem.
it was officially announced that 91 people had been killed in the explosion: 28 Britons, 41 Arabs, 17 Jews and five others.
The hotel was the site of the central offices of the British Mandatory authorities of Palestine, principally the Secretariat of the Government of Palestine and the Headquarters of the British Armed Forces in Palestine and Transjordan.
Disguised as Arabs, the Irgun terrorists loaded a van with seven milk-churns, each containing 50kg of explosives and special detonators. They drove to the hotel and slipped in via a service entrance for the restaurant.
As they left the hotel, the terrorists were spotted by a group of soldiers who shot at them. They escaped though, and then made a warning call to the Palestine Post telling them: “I am speaking on behalf of the Hebrew underground.
“We have placed an explosive device in the hotel. Evacuate it at once – you have been warned.”
it was officially announced that 91 people had been killed in the explosion: 28 Britons, 41 Arabs, 17 Jews and five others. They didn’t even care that they might kill their own people.

”Two years later the British had left and the state of Israel was proclaimed”. Some of the militants involved in the planning of the bombing went on to become influential figures, including a future Israeli prime minister.

https://proxywarsfalseflagattacks.wordpress.com/the-king-david-hotel/
(Some great information on this site)

Last year Prince William even went to Israel and stayed at the St David……
Talk about turning the other cheek?

Is it me?

mark
mark

A few years ago there was a big ceremony in Israel to commemorate the event. Not to remember the victims, but to honour the terrorists. Just one of thousands of terrorist atrocities committed by the Zionist Regime.

bevin
bevin

In point of fact the US is currently freezing Venezuela’s financial assets (Capital) and handing it over to the |legitimate” goverrnment. The Ban kdf England already refused, several weeks ago, to return Venezuela’s gold reserves.
So the thieves in question are easily identifiable as Trump and May.
Further: as was the case in Libya, where the country’s foreign deposits were handed over to the various jihadist militias and of course persons like Sarkozy and Clinton, the likelihood is that Venezuela’\s purloined capital will be spent on mercenaries, weapons and propaganda campaigns.
If he is listening Chris Nige Donnelly might put in a bid for a couple of million for the Institute of Statesmanship, the Integrity Initiative or another of the many scams being run by ex MI types, intent on keeping the wolf from the domestic door by pretending that it is a Bear.

Ken Kenn
Ken Kenn

You can have all the capital in the world but if the US says you are under sanctions you are under sanctions.

They control the petro dollar and the vast majority of payment systems across the globe.

The BRICS are working on an alternative payment system and when it arrives the dollar will be dead.

Like the end of the World is Nigh though it will take a bit of time.

Meanwhile if you and your acolytes want to bow to your master carry on.

In the next financial crash your deposits in your trusted bank will be used towards the bailout.

See Cyprus for a European example of this in action.

Have anice grovelly day.

Thomas Prentice
Thomas Prentice

The Open Veins are STILL OPEN. Galeano’s book is sobering to person with a conscience. Especially to a WHITE EURO person with a conscience.

Thomas Prentice
Thomas Prentice

Here is a letter is sent to the dallas morning news, nyt, washington bezos, toronto star, and yes, our dear guardian and one or two others. I expect the axe of fascist corporate censorship to fall on this letter in each and every one of these corporate fascist mainstream media outlets of propaganda, trivia, gossip and trash-talking, evidence and source-free:

Dear Editor:

Venezuela, Uruguay, Bolivia, Nicaragua and now Cuba and the Caribbean states are the only actual, authentic democracies in the Western Hemisphere.

There were more — Brazil, Argentina, Ecuador, Honduras and others before the United States deep state under Barack Obama and now Donald Trump/Pence turned a fusillade of Wall Street international financial and CIA / Mossad pressures on those nations to convert back to the hated militarized right wing dictatorships of the 1970s and 80s that were instituted by Nixon/Kissinger.

Now the US is “recognizing” a Venezuelan “president” who captured not a single vote in the recent presidential elections. And the US regime has a murderous coup d’etat underway for Venezuela.

This comes from a nation in which the popular vote winner of the most recent presidential election in 2016 — Hillary Clinton by 3 million votes — was denied the office and the loser installed in the Oval Office. This was because of a peculiar constitutional apparatus called the electoral college, which is a relic of that “peculiar institution” called African slavery and served to give southern states more power to select the president.

So the US has no standing at all to lecture Venezuela about democracy – Venezuela, a democracy which has held 25 elections in 20 years including eight presidential elections in which the person with the majority of votes actually won.

Thomas A. Prentice, Ph.D.

Brian Living
Brian Living

Would you mind me copying this to the Mail?

Thomas Prentice
Thomas Prentice

how do i do that?

Maggie
Maggie

Hi Thomas,
Press and hold down the control key, then swipe the mouse over the text you want to use.., right click and the menu will drop down… choose COPY, then go to the comment/discussion site of your choice… and right click again and choose PASTE.

Thomas Prentice
Thomas Prentice

Merci beaucoup 😉

comite espartaco

Mr Guaidó is the President of the National Assembly of Venezuela, elected not long ago with a majority against the Bolivarian regime and constitutionally entitled to take the position of Acting President, as he has rightly done. On the other hand, if you are seriously saying that the presidents of the United States of America have been elected illegitimately by following the ‘peculiar’ US Constitution, then, you should go to the Mexican border and show your letter to the migrants that try to enter the US. There is no doubt that, as soon as they read it, the immigrants will quickly turn their backs and run towards the truly democratic paradises of Cuba (ruled by a gerontocracy that is privatising the island), Nicaragua (run by the wife of the eternal Ortega), Bolivia (run by another eternal thirdworldist racist president that wants to revive the Inca Empire), Uruguay (where drugs are legal) and, of course, to Venezuela (already abandoned by millions). With your simple letter you would have solved the migration problem, of the USA and the world, in no time and could become a truly democratic candidate to be elected, perhaps, under a new ‘peculiar’ US Constitution.

Thomas Prentice
Thomas Prentice

Yes. If it is not democratic, it is illegitimate — dude — being as the US is the World’s Greatest Democracy — nd the world’s greatest HYPOCRITE. duh!

comite espartaco

Go to the Mexican border and tell immigrants just that. Tell them to go to truly ‘democratic’ countries like Venezuela, Cuba or Nicaragua, where leaders never change or die in power. Go and tell them that the US is an illegitimate dictatorship, even worst than the ‘shitholes’ they come from. Go and tell them.

John Ervin
John Ervin

“Communism is a judgement on our failure to make democracy real, and to follow through on the revolutions we initiated.”

–a very young Martin Luther King, Jr.

mark
mark

It is in the nature of things that refugees seek refuge in the belly of the beast that has destroyed them. That was true at the time of the Roman Empire and it is true today. This was a key factor in the eventual destruction of the Roman Empire. It will be the same story with the US Empire and its European satellites, a tidal wave of humanity from devastated countries. In those times they were called Goths, Visigoths, and various other peoples. Now they are Iraqis, Syrians, Libyans, Afghans, East Africans, Central Africans, and Central Americans. All countries that were destroyed and turned into Mad Max hellholes by US invasions, bombings and general mayhem. The US and its EU satellites are finally learning to their cost that you cannot export unlimited violence and slaughter all over the planet and expect to remain immune to it yourself. The devastation they have visited on so many others for so long is finally coming home to roost in the form of a tsunami of desperate, unwanted unassimilable humanity. They have opened Pandora’s Box and let the genie out of the bottle. They can no sooner stop this with their border walls than King Canute could order the tide to go back. There are probably other apt metaphors, like being hoist with their own petard. They are going down, the victims of their own criminal barbarism. 30 million plus illegal beaners and wetbacks already, with more to come. The unwanted millions in Europe turning most major cities into Third World slums, like Cairo without the sunshine. And this is just the beginning.

comite espartaco

That must explain why the republican refugees from the Spanish Civil War fled towards the areas controlled by Franco, Germany and Italy. Why the children of the UK were evacuated to Germany and not to Australia during the WWII or why the Chinese communists did a Long March to end up in the hands of the Kuomintang… That must be why, given the choice between the true democracies of Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela, they choose the tyranny of the USA. You seem to have misunderstood the situation. The truth is that Roman imperialism was a consequence of invasions and not the other way round as you suggest. The romans were defending themselves against ‘fakefugees’. The rest is history as they say.

different frank
different frank

This border.comment image

mark
mark

Maybe Clinton should just declare herself president and seize power. Maybe Corbyn should just declare himself prime minister and seize power, because Trump and May are “illegitimate usurpers” who should be overthrown by the armed forces.

John Ervin
John Ervin

Not at all, mostly our pResidents have been “elected” through “elections” that are, to borrow Gore Vidal’s relevant aperçu, “pretty much rigged from the getgo”.

And we are enthusiastically, eagerly exporting those Trojan Horses, aka voting machines, to all four corners of the globe (tentatively branded “Amerikkka”.)

Other than that, we stole them fair and square.

AND: “constititutionally” LOLOLOL.

mark
mark

Strange how this opposition can never win an election. They base their legitimacy on the support of Uncle Sam, Wall Street, the big oil companies and the comprador elite worshipping at the altar of all things American. I suppose that all trumps a mere democratic election endorsed as entirely free and fair by international monitors.

rogerglewis

test
The front running of the Regime change ops is not so hard to see,
Ukraine, Syria, Libya , Now Venezuela again,
Heres VoltaireProject Kurt W Tidd, Stella Colloni and Thierry Meyssan. From as far back as February 2018!!!!
https://www.voltairenet.org/article201100.html

comite espartaco

To Big B.
Unfortunately there are many people with infantile illusions about the fake ‘revolution’ in Venezuela. That is one of the problems. The Bolivarian regime is guilty as sin of manipulating important sectors of an ignorant and exasperated population (and the world at large) and creating the illusion of change, when they have not done what it should have been done (violently or otherwise) when it had ALL power in its hands. That is why they have reproduced a new elite, a populist oligarchy that has fallen in the same or worst vices than the previous one. It is not enough to rap around a red flag to make a revolution or to buy some support with uncertain oil revenues. Today, this regime is crumbling under the blows of the old oligarchy and new sectors that are starving or migrating. In Venezuela they tried to reproduce a personalist, castroist regime, with the help of Cuba, knowing full well that Cuba was sinking and crumbling and is being transformed into a capitalist economy of friends, like in China. The left is up to its neck in this new and deserved disaster.

Thomas Prentice
Thomas Prentice

CIA drone /troll?

comite espartaco

What is it, your PhD does not allow you to understand the world…???!!!

BigB
BigB

Well, I can see the love of humanity flowing through your comment. Whilst there might be a grain of truth in your disposition, there also seems to be a desert of delusion. Not a word written to the realpolitik situation of an immanent Yankee imperial invasion. Name one South American country that has benefited from American democratic intervention since 1823? You can’t. No one can. Who shall we ask, Smedley Butler? He knew which corporations he was working for, eventually.

From Monroe’s doctrinaire manifest destiny on through the School for the Americas, the death squads, the Condor ‘human intelligence led’ capture, disappear, or kill, the murderous neoliberal human vivesection of Chile, the Cocaine Import Association’s smuggling, the Medelin Cartel, the juntas, regime changes, invasions, etc. in their own private “back yard” …the Bolivarian Revolution may not be perfect: but set against the history that has passed you by – they are doing not bad.

comite espartaco

It is precisely because of these idiotic and fake revolutionaries, that all that you have mentioned happened. It is, precisely, because of phony revolutionaries and ‘christian lovers’ of mankind, that humanity is being slaughtered like a defenceless lamb by corrupt and depraved politicians and exploiters. Intervention and colonisation is not a miracle, a supernatural occurrence, it needs internal mediation and collaboration. These fatuous Bolivarian ‘revolutionaries’ and their asinine friends have created the ideal conditions for that…!!!

rogerglewis

The front running of the Regime change ops is not so hard to see,
Ukraine, Syria, Libya , Now Venezuela again,
Heres VoltaireProject Kurt W Tidd, Stella Colloni and Thierry Meyssan. From as far back as February 2018!!!!
https://www.voltairenet.org/article201100.html

Here is a thread on Twitter from 14th January, where in knocking Jeremy Corbyn some one trotted out the, ” Ask the people about Venezuela about Socialism”, Jibe.
https://longhairedmusings.wordpress.com/2019/01/24/venezuelan-narratives-front-running-the-regime-change-ops/

Andrew Neal also got in on the act and provoked a fairly impressive push back Abi Martin also tweeted having had to flea Venezuela under threat of death form the Coups Mob.
https://twitter.com/afneil/status/1088173584286134274

rogerglewis

I have been blogging on Steem which I notice does not work well in a chrome browser clearly Google pushing back against the uncesorable Distributed web.

https://steemit.com/venezuela/@tonefreqhz/venezuelan-narratives-front-running-the-regime-chnage-ops

Heres Don Henleys If Dirt were dollars with a bit of a lide show

https://d.tube/v/tonefreqhz/5csy7vpz

and the anti war in iraq 2003 Iraq protests in London

https://d.tube/v/tonefreqhz/ywzn9c7c

comite espartaco

The US has not arrogated anything to itself. It is a considerable part of the people of Venezuela that is trying to get rid of a ridiculous regimen of crooks and thickos that are, not only ruining their own country, but attacking others by creating a movement of mass migration and funding political ultraliberal parties in other countries like Spain and Greece. We are before a clear case of Third World Imperialist expansion and colonisation…!!!

d
d

I am not trying to be personal or anything, but there is a difference between free speech, a practise I would always endorse even if I don’t particularly like the content, and outright gibberish – a practice for which you seem to have a particular penchant. By all means continue if you wish to make a laughing stock of yourself.

comite espartaco

Thank you for giving us your peerless permission to humbly and awkwardly express ourselves… Oh Lord…!!!

John Ervin
John Ervin

Graham Greene did more than a sketch of American agents provocateurs in his “The Quiet American”.

He killed it. Alden Pyle was working this same old Pirates of the Caribbean shtick, only in French Indochine, in Place Garnier, Saigon of January 1952. Dawn of the (Nazified, Gehlen-run, Operation Paperclipped) CIA.

H. Bruce Franklin wrote about all this in his extremely canny review in The Nation of Philip Noyce’s 2002 film remake, an essay “By the Bombs Early Light”. He wrote me in his reply to my kudos “Greene sure had his number.”

And Greene wrote in his 1962 preface to Our Man in Havana, “Apparently in Washington, terrorism is only terrorism when it comes from the left.”

In USAmerican foreign policy, one cliché is eternal and pure gold, and always has been, “The more things change, the more they stay the same.”