The head of the Ukranian Security Service SBU, Valentyn Nalyvaichenko, explained in an interview Kyiv’s “Day” how the service will be re-organised following the model of the OUN-UPA security service. Not only the OUN-UPA closely collaborated with the nazis, but also engaged in pogroms against Jews, Poles and mass killings of Russian and Ukrainian anti-fascist partisans, and the killing of political opponents in rival factions of the OUN.
When asked about the task of reforming the Security Service, Nalyvaichenko answers that “for SBU we do not need to invent anything new – it is important to base ourselves on the traditions and approaches to the Security Service of UPA [Ukrainian Insurgent Army] in the 1930-1950’s. The way it worked against the aggressor at a time of temporary occupation of the territory was through patriotic education, military counterintelligence and relied on peaceful Ukrainian population, using their unparalleled support.”
He further elaborated on his model for the SBU: “When I was in opposition, we studied these traditions and the traditions of Lebed and Arsenych-Berezovsky, who created and managed the Security Service of OUN [Ukrainian Nationalist Organisation]”.
The OUN was an extreme right wing nationalist organisation which in the interwar period modeled itself on Italian fascism. From the beginning it carried terrorist activities against Poles with the aim of ethnic cleansing, but also against Ukrainian political opponents. The UPA was its armed wing.
During the war they collaborated closely with Nazi Germany and participated in massacres of Poles and Jews, particularly in the ethnic cleansing of Poles in Volhynia and Galicia in 1943. …
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