censorship, Guardian Watch, Russia, Ukraine
Comments 40

Discuss: Kerch Strait and Azov Sea Tensions

A general view shows a road-and-rail bridge, which is constructed to connect the Russian mainland with the Crimean peninsula, at sunrise in the Kerch Strait, Crimea November 26, 2018. REUTERS/Pavel Rebrov

The Guardian has a an opinion piece today, titled: The EU’s response to Russia must be bold and unanimous. It is written by German politician Norbert Röttgen, head of the Bundestag foreign affairs committee…and it is simply massively dishonest and one-sided.

The “mainstream” narrative on Ukraine has been corrected to death in the alternate media, there is no need to go back over old ground, suffice to say, here are just few of the relevent facts which Mr Röttgen leaves out of his article:

  • The Kerch Strait is incredibly shallow, it has a canal carved into to the sea bed to allow deep-draft ships to pass. Using the canal requires a pilot, and ships can only go in single file. The Ukrainian naval ships ignored these rules.
  • Ships using the Kerch strait are required to give 72 hours notice, due to the narrowness of the passage and the shallowness of the sea. These rules have been in place for years. Ukraine ignored them.
  • There have been calls – both inside and outside Ukraine – to blow up the Crimean bridge.
  • The Ukrainian naval vessels were sailing with their guns uncovered and refusing to answer radio communications.
  • Petro Poroshenko, incumbent President of Ukraine, has an 8% approval rating heading into the Presidential elections in March of next year.
  • In response to this “incident”, Poroshenko has declared martial law in the 10 Eastern regions of the country. Notably, these are the regions that voted for ousted President Yanukovych and will unquestionably vote against Poroshenko if the elections go ahead in march.
  • The US passed a bill in 2017 legalising attempts to undermine or sabotage “export pipelines” of “hostile nations”. This, among other things, was directly related to the Nordstream 2 pipeline.

If these omissions and inaccuracies have annoyed you to the point you’re thinking of heading over to the Graun to make a comment, well…bad news:

The comments on this story are being pre-moderated, this is being done to keep the thread on topic, and NOT to control the narrative and silence disagreement BTL. So that’s alright.

However, a totally accidental upshot of this drive to keep everyone on topic is that the usually fractious Guardian comments section seems to be broadly in consensus. Funny that.

So don’t waste your time writing a comment that won’t get published over there. Instead, discuss it here – where you won’t pre-emptively censored for disagreeing with the government line.

Important Questions –

  1. 1. Is the re-opening of the “conflict” in Ukraine a response to the complete defeat of NATO’s agenda in Syria?
  2. 2. Why are some Western politicians so insistent Russia ship gas through Ukraine?
  3. 3. Who sees Nordstream 2 as a threat? And why?
  4. 4. How far down the road to outright fascism will Ukraine have to go, before Western politicians comment on it?
  5. 5. Will NATO/EU back Poroshenko is he declares martial law and cancels the March election? Or will they move on to the next incompetent puppet?

40 Comments

  1. REDteam says

    dear Jack, your “the Kerch Strait is an international waterway, subject to international law of the sea” is simply NOT TRUE, sorry. Kerch&Azov have become internal waters since the 2003 bilateral agreement. dear Jack, do your homework better , pls.

  2. Jack says

    Important questions:

    Why has Russia become the authority on who can and can’t sail through the Kerch Strait into and out of the Azov Sea? Is it because they have built a bridge across the strait? Why does that give them the right to seize vessels they consider to be not compliant, and imprison their sailors?

    What is the relevance of these boats having their guns ‘uncovered’?

    I say ‘boats’, because these are not deep-draught ships. Ukraine does have a deep-draught harbour on the coast of the Azov Sea, but these were rather puny gunboats (i.e. the kind of boats that you’d expect would have their guns uncovered). Why is it OK for Russia to be controlling entry to and exit from the Azov Sea by another nation with an important commercial harbour on the sea?

    Russian bridge or not, the Kerch Strait is an international waterway, subject to international law of the sea, not some Russian inland canal that they can police in any way they want.

    Ukraine’s harbour on the Azov Sea is threatened by Russia-backed rebels in its hinterland; by constraining sea access to the port, Russia is effectively putting its considerable naval resources at the disposal of the ‘little green men’ whose existence Russia has repeatedly denied. Why is OffG supporting piracy on the high seas?

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    • Malatok says

      Neither history nor geography would appear to be your strong points. I suggest you read up on both concerning the two “Russian lakes” under discussion.

    • Hmph says

      Sounds like Jack is short one beanstalk there.

      Read my keyboard, Jacko…It was a transparent p.r.o.v.o.c.a.t.i.o.n. Capisce?

      • Aesop says

        Yes another fine example of that old adage: “You can lead a Jackass to water but he’ll still blow farts in your face.” He might even call it ‘Eau de Veritas’ but that’s another story.

    • Antonym says

      The Strait of Kerch is 2.5 miles at its narrowest and leads only to half of one other nation besides Russia: Ukraine. It is so shallow that the Kerch–Yenikale Canal was dredged inside it, where pilot assistance is mandatory. Nothing like the English Chanel. International waters: what about Russian territorial waters?

      B.t.w.: the last nations who should preach international law are the US, UK and France. Look no further than their uninvited presence today on Syrian soil. Plenty of other examples at hand. Remember the Suez-“crisis” for example?

  3. David William Pear says

    Don’t believe that the US is withdrawing from Syria. Two options or more. One, they are being redeployed to move out of the way of Nato partner Turkey, which announced it is going to invade Syria east of Euphrates river to “mop up” Kurdish “terrorists”. US does not want a confrontation with Turkey. Two, US is in Syria illegally. They are simply going from overt to covert. Conclusion, the US never gives up on regime change once a victim is on the enemies list. US will be there forever unless the American people finally rebel against all US foreign bases, adventures and diversion of domestic resources to military.

  4. Regula says

    If this is true that the US decreed a law pursuant to which sabotaging and disrupting pipelines of a hostile nation is legal then the US quite literally declared terrorism legal. Pretty scary indeed.

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    • Malatok says

      Terrori$m is USSA’S most favored weapon. A cursory perusal of USSA’S 2 centuries of genocide for profit should make that patently clear to even the most hubris bloated fan of the terror entity out there.

    • Citizen says

      I think the claim in this article is false. I can’t find a credible source for the statement “The US passed a bill in 2017 legalising attempts to undermine or sabotage ‘export pipelines'”. The wikipedia article they linked to certainly doesn’t say it. Is Off-Guardian going down the Guardian’s dead-end path of distorting facts to fit a narrative?

      • Hmph says

        Gee, it’s right there in black and white. Undermine or sabotage (via sanctions). Whether they blow it up or stab their accountants in the back, it’s still sabotage. Maybe English isn’t your first language?

        PS: “In mid-June 2017, Germany and Austria issued a joint statement that said the proposed bill heralded a “new and very negative quality in European-American relations” and that certain provisions affecting gas pipeline projects with Russia were an illegal threat to EU energy security.”

        • Citizen says

          That’s some Guardian-level spin, Hmph. Putting government sanctions on something is *not* the same as what people think you mean when you say “legalize attempts to undermine or sabotage”.

  5. This article in the Guardian, and the censoring of any comments shows that is now a sad remnant of a once great newspapers. No, Comment is no longer free.

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    • Malatok says

      The legacy rags of the in-bred, gone-to-seed gentry are still fit for bird cage droppings but surely there are cheaper alternatives and what if parrots could read as freely as some of them seem to speak?

  6. Jim Scott says

    I posted the following comments on the Guardian and it magically disappeared without any notice of being offensive, I simply disagreed without any rudeness that Europe should get tough with Russia.. I did however post links showing Victoria Nuland organising the coup and ruling who should be the new leader in democratic Ukraine –

    Hasn’t Europe/NATO/USA already caused enough trouble in Ukraine. The violent coup instigated by Victoria Nuland using armed Fascist to violently bring down the elected Government, a short time before an election was due is the principle cause of Ukraine’s problems. Certainly Yanukovych had been hopeless but an election would have achieved a much better outcome and one in which the people selected their leader, not Victoria Nuland or Geoffry Pyatt. From Nulands recorded statements and subsequent admissions she spent billions on organising the coup and picking the leader.
    This was true interference in another countries electoral process that made the tenuous Russian interference in the US elections look pathetic. https://youtu.be/KIvRljAaNgg
    NATO has been busily building missile bases close to Russia’s borders for years now including the US missiles supposedly to stop nuclear attacks from a country without nuclear capacity, Iran. Its time for Europe to stop catering to the US warmail that is aimed at breaking down Russia’s capacity to provide markets with oil and gas at a cheaper price than the USA. I presume that most people recall Trump threatening Germany because it was buying its gas from Russia and not from the USA.
    I really hope Jeremy Corbyn gets elected and pulls the UK back from threatening Russia through NATO. Surely we must have some true leaders capable of negotiating to create a peaceful world where we do not need to spend vast fortunes on weapons of mass destruction just to enrich people like Theresa May’s husband. We could be getting on with preventing climate change and making fossil fuel obsolete but it seems we can’t elect civilized people to our Parliaments. I really despair at the tough guy talk pushing towards extinction. https://youtu.be/OWfBW1ExZmc

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    • Haltonbrat says

      The elephant in the room is Israel. In fact they would not allow Corbyn to become PM.

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      • Haltonbrat, what makes you think Corbyn is not anti-Russia and anti-Syria? I have seen his statements to that effect posted in Off-G BTL.

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      • Antonym says

        A mouse (< 7 millions Israeli Jews) pretending to be an Elephant. Do you still believe in Santa? Do you believe everything you read?

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    • David William Pear says

      “Victoria Nuland organising the coup”…no wonder you comment went down the memory hole, you can’t put stuff like that on the Guardian.

      • Library of Congress says

        That’s right. Nuland organizing a coup? How ridiculous, an obligatory red-tag for immediate fake news deletion.

        Hubby Kagan organized it and she was just the girl scout cookie girl. She did exercise full spectrum dominance over the cookie platters though. I think she instructed Tyahnybok in how to hold up that teetering old doddard on the podium too, that’s how he inadvertently showed up behind Sen. Doddard in all those photoshoots.

        PS: I heard Nuland say once that she thought Tyahnybok was just an usher and not one of the co-founders of the leading neo-nazi party in Ukraine, along with the current Speaker of the Rada, Parubiy. But that’s another interesting little factoid that Kathy Ashton missed, so we’ll just have to leave it to the historians to muddle over in 50 years time.

    • Hmph says

      Isn’t The Guardian run by those good folks at Integrity Initiative now? You know somebody has to be our watchdog, even when they moonlight as howling hyenas.

  7. The NATOstanis are hedging their bets with Porky. His incompetence is so glaring that they can’t possibly ignore it in the long term. Nor can they hide the fact that even the other Banderastani parties, inclusive of the Nazis, are united in saying that Porky instigated the Kerch provocation to sabotage the March election. If he loses it, he’s going to either have to do a Saakashvili and run for his life abroad (assuming anyone could be found to shelter him) or else go to jail because his partners in crime turned rivals are as vindictive as he is.

    For NATOstanis, Yulia Tymoshenko would probably be a far better option on the face of it. For one thing, she’s a woman and so will immediately command the knee jerk support of the western liberal warmonger caste. Secondly, she can present herself as a far better option than the thuggish Porky. However, Tymoshenko can *not* be trusted to maintain enmity with Russia indefinitely; she is known to speak Russian in private in preference to Ukrainian, and more likely than not will look for pragmatic adjustments to Banderastani relations with Russia. Lyashko, Tyahnibok, and the other out and out Nazis will never get elected to a majority, though they will continue to have major influence – also, not one of them literally has his life and/or liberty riding on NATOstani support. Only Porky is in that position; only he has no other option at all.

    So what is Porkyshenko going to do?

    I’ve been seeing renewed babbling on the NATOgandasphere that Russia “is poised to invade Ukraine” again, and “has massed tanks and troops on the border”. Obviously, these “tanks ” and “troops” are masked by the same Invisibility Cloak® that makes them immune to bring photographed by satellites (unlike the Russian bombers in Venezuela or the Russian strike aircraft in Hmeimim Airbase in Syria), so no evidence is available. However, what evidence does exist (and I have been oredictinp this for months) shows that the Ukranazis are readying for a renewed ground war against the Novorossiyan republics. With their new weapons and NATO trainers (who will almost certainly participate in the actual fighting, since Ukranazis aren’t much good in battle), they can do major damage to the Donbass republics even if they can’t defeat them.

    What I am expecting, in fact, is a renewed offensive in January or thereabouts (at the latest) by the Ukranazis against the DPR and LPR *on a limited scale so as not to trigger an actual Russian intervention*, because an actual genuine Russian intervention would mean Russian tanks rolling down the streets of Kiev in three days, and the end of Banderastan; and everyone involved knows this. So there will be a Ukranazi attack on, say, the Donetsk airport, and if that’s taken (highly likely since NATOstanis would be leaving and coordinating the attacks and the defenders have had next to no Russian military support), the attack will move on to Donetsk city and perhaps Lugansk as well. If the city is taken, Porky presents himself as a war winning commander and can eke out a victory in the election. If, as is likely, this second phase of the attack is defeated or fought to a standstill by the Novorossiyan republics, well, then…..the ground has already been prepared for claiming it’s another Evil Invisible Russian Invasion. Again.

    Let me repeat (for I don’t know how many times since 2014) that all this could’ve been avoided if Putin had, in 2014, actually sent in a couple of battalions of Spetsnaz, overthrown the Ukranazi coup regime, reinstated Yanukovych, and withdrawn with the clear warning that if there were any more Maidans coups Russia would be back and this time to stay. Right now I don’t see any solution that stops short of an actual full scale Russian invasion and occupation becoming necessary in order to get rid of this permanent threat to the Russian nation. With every day it gets more inevitable and the denouement more bloody.

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      • Malatok says

        Yes, and he also explained that Mother Russia wants ALL her Ukrop miscreants back in the warm embrace of Mr. Bear (perhaps with the exception of NAZI Galicia) and not just the decent folk of Novorossiya. Imagine the Natostan cancer spreading all the way to Donbas and Donetsk and the inevitable Anglozionazi terror that would ensue using their trained Ukrop apes as they are using their I$I$ human organ eaters to terrorize Syria, Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Libya etc etc.

        Ukroppers very own I$I$ human liver eating friends
        https://www.rt.com/news/447447-ukraine-chechen-battalion-isis/

        Meanwhile “Airstrip One” has more than enough of its own sickness to deal with.

    • An Aspiring Journalist says

      Newsweek has a microphone permanently attached to Porkshanks’ shank and once a week, when he yet again proclaims “Russia is poised to invade Ukraine over blah, blah, blah”, it hits Newsweek’s presses faster than a speeding mortar round.

      I’m pretty sure his last blah blah was the Kerch Strait but it might have been Bandera’s birthday, the founding of OUN, the anniversary of some visiting Nazi dignitary or some patriotic pogrom or other, while all true Ukrainian patriots are kneeling and distracted in deep prayer.

  8. John A says

    Clearly, the premoderators were as one eyed as the article. Theyd probably also have given the heads up to GCHQ to alert their army of trolls to agree with the article.
    Incidentally, as ships have to pass through in orderly fashion, there is a queuing system. There were apparently already 160 ships in the queue to pass through the straits, so if nothing else the Ukrainian bandits were blatantly q jumping, no mention of that the MSM either.

  9. DavidKNZ says

    Valentin Vasilescu at http://www.voltairenet.org notes that 3 types of EL-INT
    SIG-INT planes were flying high above Kersh Strait at the time of the Ukranian
    incursion. Their purpose was to capture E-details of Russian modus operandi..
    As such, following in the line of U2 surveillance, the Boeing shootdown near
    N Korea and the continued SR51 overflights. Handy information for war planning

    • milosevic says

      sexist pig.

      remind me who the prime ministers of Britain and Germany are?

      take your identity politics sh** back to the Guardian, they specialize in that kind of divide-and-rule, disinfo garbage.

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    • milosevic says

      here’s some words of encouragement from your founder:

  10. Francis Lee says

    Blowing up the Kerch bridge, or a section of it, would constitute a direct military attack on Russian territory. In this case Russia will have to respond forcefully. NATO know this as does its Ukrainian proxies. Ukraine is not a member of NATO so Article 5 cannot be invoked. This could be the big one, a provocation too far, or it could be the AZ-Empire testing Russia’s nerve. After all there have been rumours of a Ukrainian offensive since 2015 which have never materialised. The problem for Poroshenko and the UAF is that they face certain defeat. How would that go down back home in Lviv, Kiev and Ternopil; it would mean the end of the Ukraine and the end of Poroshenko. Of course the western media would go ballistic, that’s par for the course. But that’s nothing new and from the Russian perspective you might as well be hung for a sheep as a lamb.

    I wonder what the western and american media would say if Russia advocated the blowing up of the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco or if Russian warships started swanning around in Chesapeake Bay?

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  11. Derek_J says

    Eduard Basurin the head of the DPR militia has said they have intelligence reports that Ukraine intends to launch an invasion iminently using the pretext of a false flag drone bombing of a chemical works in Mariupol.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LTjCkyTczXk (enable subtitles)

    I hope he is wrong.

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    • Maggie says

      On the 14th December…..

      10th December 2019
      DONETSK, Novorusiya – The People’s Militia of the self-proclaimed People’s Republic of Donetsk (DPR) reported on the concentration of more than 12,000 Ukrainian security forces and 90 units of military equipment in the south of the Donetsk region.
      According to the information, in the opinion of the leadership of the RPD, the Armed Forces of Ukraine will start the attack on December 14.

      Evidence was obtained on the preparation of an offensive in the region of the Ukrainian city of Mariupol by the Ukrainian military, according to the deputy commander of the RPD People’s Militia, Eduard Basurin, aiming at conquering the regions of Novoazovsk and Telmanovo on the ‘border’ with Russia.
      “The offensive grouping of enemy attack that has been formed, totalling more than 12,000 troops, is concentrated along the line of contact in the area of ​​the following settlements: Novotroitskoe, Shyrokino and Rovnopol [settlements in the south of the Donetsk region controlled by more than 50 tanks, 40 multiple rocket launchers and 180 artillery and mortar shells],” said Basurin.
      Basurin said the offensive is scheduled to start on the morning of December 14, after an artillery barrage, with the advance of sub-units of Brigades 128 and 79 in the direction of Klinkino village, aiming to reach the DPR border on the 15th of December.

      HO ADDED THAT THE OFFENSIVE COULD BEGIN WITH THE PROVOCATION ORGANISED BY SECURITY FORCES AT A METALLURGICAL PLANT IN MARIUPOL WHERE THERE IS A SIGNIFICANT RESERVE OF AMMONIA..
      “Part of Mariupol, with a population of about 50,000 people, would be in the contamination zone,” explained Basurin.

      The conflict in Donbass began in 2014 when Ukrainian authorities launched a military operation against the self-proclaimed People’s Republics of Donetsk and Lugansk, which refused to recognize the new government of Kiev.
      The sides of the conflict later agreed to stop hostilities in the region through a truce agreement, but the situation remains tense with mutual accusations of cease-fire violations.
      https://www.fort-russ.com/2018/12/ukraine-on-verge-of-launching-war-against-donbass/

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    • Mystery Solved says

      How could that trigger anything? They could just say, sorry….it must have been one of those early US drone prototypes that they used to bomb Serbian chlorine plants. It had a solar-charged battery and just kept flying around for 19 years. Just as believable as any other hooey coming out of what passes for ‘western civilization’ these days.

  12. Paul Carline says

    1. No doubt related. The US/UK/EU/Israel attempt to overthrow Assad has backfired – but the US is still occupying part of Syria and clearly has no intention of leaving. Trying to force it out militarily would be seen by the US and its complicit allies as a casus belli.

    2. I guess because they can control it better that way – also because it is a major source of income for Ukraine and some of the EU members are probably tired of throwing yet more money into Ukraine’s empty hole.

    3. Ukraine certainly – and presumably the Atlanticist cabal, which hates anything that empowers Russia.

    4. I think they will continue to play ‘three wise monkeys’ over Ukraine, largely because they control the narrative to a great extent. They got away with mass murder in 2014. They refuse to criticise Ukraine for its persistent breaches of Minsk. The new EU/NATO unified military force needs Ukraine (in fact is already including Ukraine in manoeuvers), so will likely continue to turn a blind eye to its fascism. In any case, fascism is what they want to create across the whole of Europe!

    5. I doubt they are committed to Poroshenko. He’s just a pawn – their current ‘useful idiot’. But replacing him now might stir up too much unwelcome comment.

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    • A double game from the west via Germany continuing…foreign minister says no new sanctions but Merkel even tough President Putin had drawn a map at G20….BERLIN, December 12. /TASS/. Germany will speak at the EU summit in favor of extending sanctions against Russia, German Chancellor Angela Merkel told the parliament, the Bundestag, on Wednesday.
      “We will call a spade a spade. We will call for extending sanctions,” Merkel said, voicing concerns over Russia’s steps. “We do not accept actual claims [of Russia] regarding the Sea of Azov,” the Chancellor said.

      More:
      http://tass.com/economy/1035674

  13. Coram Deo says

    A CROOKED MANOEUVRE IN THE KERCH STRAIT by Professor Arthur Noble
    On 25 November 2018 Ukraine‟s tin-pot tyrant Petro Poroshenko sent a trio of ships from his puny flotilla to breach Russian territorial waters in the Kerch Strait and confront the mighty Russian Navy in the Azov Sea, thus violating Articles 19 and 21 of the United Nations Convention of Sea Law and resorting, in the words of Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova, to “bandit methods”.1 The captain of the main vesser openly admitted that he had consciously ignored Russian warnings to retreat.
    What the mainstream media has not mentioned is that on board were members of the Ukrainian Secret Service (SBU), which like the army is under the direct control of President Poroshenko himself and known for its “dirty tricks”.2 A large cache of arms, including machine guns and other assault weapons, was also found on the vessels, indicating that some sort of confrontation had been planned.3 There are strict safety maritime rules for ships which want to pass through the narrow Kerch Strait, which lies between the Russian mainland and Crimea, and under international rules they must notify Russian maritime controls of their intention to pass. Moscow says that the necessary notification was not given.
    Poroshenko very obviously ordered the incident as a pretext to enable him to provoke Russia, to implement martial law in Ukraine, and to annul the presidential election of 31 March 2019 which he would lose owing to a drastic drop in support for his unpopular economic measures and the rampant corruption scandals in his government. As an excuse for the illegal intrusion he also invented the existence of a fictitious “secret intelligence document” which is supposed to have warned of a planned “ground invasion” of Ukraine by Russia.4
    Let it be recalled that Ukraine‟s Neo-Nazi regime presided over by Poroshenko was installed by the US in February 2014 by an illegal coup funded, on Victoria Nuland‟s public admission, by “more than five billion dollars” for the purpose of promoting „democracy‟, which is a US-NATO euphemism for „regime change‟.5 Two years later President Barack Obama was forced to admit in a CNN interview6 that the US had indeed been heavily involved in the crisis from the very beginning and had collaborated directly with Ukrainian Neo-Nazis and other right-wing and fascist groups in the illegal overthrow of President Viktor Yanukovych.
    The country is now a seething hotbed of fascism, reduced to a complete economic shambles, and has become an additional eighth of the US‟ seven targets of which notorious „Bomber of the Balkans‟ General Wesley Clark, former Supreme Allied Commander of NATO, said in 2007: “We‟re going to take out seven countries in five years, starting with Iraq, and then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, and, finishing off, Iran.”7 He got his list and the names and order of his victims somewhat wrong, but he did reveal the principle of his intentions. The pathetic spectacle of several Westminster MPs ranting about „Russian aggression‟ against the Ukrainian intrusion merely demonstrated their bias, their hatred of President Putin, their lack of knowledge of maritime law, their astounding ignorance of history, and their twisting of the facts. In their continuing obsession with some imaginary „Russian invasion of Ukraine‟ and some fictitious „Russian annexation of Crimea‟ – which the history books prove was always Russian until Soviet Premier Nikita Kruschev illegally traded it as a „gift‟ to Ukraine in 1953 – these MPs exhibit little hope of any conversion to reality. They are among those who, like Theresa May and her deceit over Brexit, are well described in the Bible: “Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools.” (Romans 1:22)
    FOOTNOTES
    1 https://sputniknews.com/europe/201811251070121395-russia-fire-strait-kerch-conflict/
    2 http://www.whathappenedtoflightmh17.com/examples-of-dirty-tricks-by-ukraine-secret-service-sbu/
    3 https://www.rt.com/news/444948-fsb-intelligence-ukrainian-ships/
    4 https://www.rt.com/news/444891-poroshenko-signs-martial-law-decree/
    5 http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article37599.htm; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kyglstsY1fA&feature=youtu.be
    6 http://www.globalresearch.ca/washington-was-behind-ukraine-coup-obama-admits-that-us-brokered-a-deal-in-support-of-regime-change/5429142
    7 https://genius.com/General-wesley-clark-seven-countries-in-five-years-annotated

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