Russia or the Neocons: Who endangers American democracy?

by Vladimir Golstein, via The Duran

Political discourse of American mass media is inundated with another wave of Russophobia and fear mongering. Besides the obvious military threat (Russia’s nuclear arsenal), or the challenges to the US foreign policy (the conflicts in Ukraine or Syria), a new fear has been introduced into the news: the US political system is endangered by Russia’s computer hacking, informational warfare, and its support of Donald Trump.
The newspaper titles sound like a commercial for the upcoming Invasion of the Body Snatchers sequel. The Washingon Post announces: “Russia Is Now a Threat. The US Should Treat It Like One.” Time magazine raises the stakes: “Russia Wants to Undermine Faith in the U.S. Election.”
The Atlantic warns of the “The Dangers of the Putin-Trump relationship,” articulating the already familiar litany of complaints: “Russia is directly interfering in the US elections … it is a dangerous escalation that threatens the integrity of the US electoral process.” While US Today allows notorious neocon named Max Boot to discover not just the threat, but an actual war. His “Time to Get Real About Russia Cyber War,” is rather blunt: “Our democracy is under attack by Russia, but almost no one is treating the situation with the gravity it deserves.”
Well, nobody treats the situation with the gravity it deserves because they are treating it with much greater gravity. In fact, some of the commentators are so grave, that they are ready to give in already. Zack Beauchamp concludes his tirades against Russian hacking in the following manner: “Russia’s strategy is even more dangerous that it appears. Not only does it undermine democracy using the press but it actually gets the press to undermine itself. And there’s not much we can reasonably do about it, either.”
Reading all this, one might think that the former Secretary of Defense, James Forrestal, has been resurrected along with his 1949 battle-cry: “The Russians are coming. The Russians are coming. They’re right around. I’ve seen Russian soldiers.”
What is behind this Russophobia? A real Russian threat? A smokescreen intended to cover failed policies of recent administration? The meeting between the Russophobic minds of a particular candidate (Hillary Clinton) and a particular group of voters (neocons)?
I believe that these Joe McCarthy type accusations against both Russia and Trump seem to pursue only one goal: to give the veneer of respectability to the neocons’ and other Republican luminaries’ desertion of their own party. Thus, endless “confessions” of reformed Republicans and hardcore neocons, expressing their born-again zeal for the Democratic Candidate, Hillary Clinton.
The neocons are not switching parties because they’ve seen the light. They are enamored with Hillary Clinton’s record of foreign policy and her willingness to embrace the US globalist claims. As reported by Rania Khalek in Intercept, Robert Kagan, one of the leading neocons, the co-founder of the notorious PNAC (Project for the New American Century, the blueprint of the recent policies of aggression and regime change intended to cement US hegemony in world affairs), has been on the record for quite some time: “I would say all Republican foreign policy professionals are anti-Trump,” Kagan told …at a “foreign policy professionals for Hillary” fundraiser… –I would say that a majority of people in my circle will vote for Hillary.”
The neocons are very public about their desertion, and bear it as a badge of honor. Dubious honor, since in their pursuit of an ideal candidate for their agenda, neocons do not just betray their former party, but the very foundations of American democracy: the two party system.
Their desertion reveals that American political system has finally internalized Francis Fukuyama proud words about the end of history. We’ve reached the consensus; there is no need to argue or challenge, history has ended, the truths are revealed and they are now the property of the elites united into one globalist Imperial party bent on equating American prosperity with the American hegemony over world affairs.
To any objective observer it is clear that is not Russia that endangers US democracy but the political corruption, the rule of 1% oligarchy, and mad pursuit of PNAC policies. Even greater danger to democracy lies in the neocons’ desertion to the Hillary camp.
Unsavory as the corporate rule and globalism might be, one can argue for and pursue these goals, provided they leave the room for the alternative vision. It is this neocons’ dismissal of the alternatives that betrays the very foundations of democracy, at least, in the way, a political philosopher Karl Popper formulated them in his celebrated 1945 treatise, Open Society and Its Enemies.
The list of neocons and other prominent Republicans rushing toward one party system has been compiled by Eleanor Clift in Daily Beast at the end of June, and had obviously grown since then. Some of them, Max Boot in particular, are pretty explicit about the reasons for his desertion: in his May 8, 2016, article in LA Times, Boot announces simply that, “The Republican Party is Dead.”
Why?  Because it is no longer led by the likes of McCain, Rubio and Romney, for whom Boot served as foreign policy advisor, but by Donald Trump, “the ignorant demagogue” intending to break up “the most successful alliance in history — NATO.” Furthermore, Trump has “kind words for tyrants such as Vladimir Putin.” Indeed, how can anyone in the US political establishment have kind words for Putin? We keep our kind words only for “our SOBs.”
The simplicity if not poverty of this argumentation makes it difficult to distinguish it from exaggerations, simplification, or ignorance, for which neocons consistently fault Trump. But neocons were never friends of irony; otherwise, they would not make statements about NATO’s spectacular success with a straight face.
The alliance that followed every whim of its paranoid members, such as Baltic Republics or Poland, and which intended to drag Ukraine into NATO pushing the world to the brink of nuclear annihilation? If this is success, how does one define failure? And talking about exaggerations: “The risk of Trump winning, however remote, represents the biggest national security threat that the United States faces today.”
As if being “dead” is not bad enough, Boot feels the need to drive a stake into the heart of the Republican Party: the party is stupid. Writing for NYT, the publication that never misses a chance to print something nasty about Republicans, Boot bemoans Republican complicity with Donald Trump phenomenon: “How the Stupid Party’ Created Donald Trump.”
Why can’t there be an alternative to the neocons’ doctrines of world domination in the form of a populist, nationalist movement that wants Americans to take care of Americans first, before overextending the country’s economic and military reach? And should this alternative be immediately called stupid?
Yet, for many neocons, it is Hillary or bust. James Kirchik  goes out of his way trying to convince his fellow conservatives that it is Clinton who is a true conservative, and therefore, the last American hope: “It’s come to this: Hillary Clinton is the one person standing between America and the abyss.”
Referring to a profound conservative thinker, Michael Oakeshott, Kirchik observed that Oakeshott “defines the conservative disposition as one that ‘prefers small and limited innovations to large and indefinite’ ones and ‘favors a slow rather than a rapid pace, and pauses to observe current consequences and make appropriate adjustments.’ … Clinton is the candidate of the status quo, something that conservatives, by definition, are supposed to uphold.”
Kirchick fails to mention, however, that it is Clintons’ and Obama’s implementation of neocons’ policies which is nothing short of revolutionary. Military adventures, drastic regime changes, alliance redrawing, the willingness to sacrifice American lives and money in their pursuit, all these misguided policies that meet no political resistance –that’s what revolutionary.
Trump’s realism and pragmatic approach to politics appears as revolutionary only to the ideologues who refuse to pause in their drive to reshape the modern world according to their childish dreams.
This radical reworking of democratic and conservative process of slow incremental improvements into the hegemony of corporate sponsored elites is indeed revolutionary: a modern day version of Lenin’s hegemony of proletariat and its avant-garde, the elite party, all over again.
Hillary Clinton is as conservative as Brezhnev, who, in his failure to modify or change the radical agenda set up by the party of Lenin and Stalin, was indeed, a conservative. Only an intellectual of Kirchick’s magnitude can see something Oakeshottian in this embrace of one party system.
As someone who lived under one party rule in the former Soviet Union, I fully appreciate Popper’s rather minimalistic, but fundamental view of democracy, as the society that boasts a two party system and which guarantees the ease of deposing a ruling party in case of its failures.
Karl Popper insisted on the necessity and practical usefulness of the two-party system, so that the loss of power would lead to self-scrutiny and therefore improvement. While the two parties and their loyal press try to police each other, they keep each other busy, allowing the rest of the citizens to live in peace and pursue their goals without too much interference or control.
Obviously, all this goes down the drain with the one party system of globalists and the elites, the party that mocks and dismisses as ridiculous or deplorable anyone who happens to challenge it.
In his The Open Society and its Enemies Popper proposes a rather paradoxical, yet extremely sensible theory of a democratic society. What is important for Popper, is not the discovery of a perfect government, but a much more mundane and pragmatic question: how to avoid the blatantly bad ones. And democracy does it better than any other system. Insisting on this pragmatism, Popper highlights the following syllogism:

And we do not base our choice on the goodness of democracy, which may be doubtful, but solely on the evilness of a dictatorship, which is certain. Not only because the dictator is bound to make bad use of his power, but because a dictator, even if he were benevolent, would rob all others of their responsibility, and thus of their human rights and duties. This is a sufficient basis for deciding in favor of democracy—that is, a rule of law that enables us to get rid of the government. No majority, however large, ought to be qualified to abandon this rule of law.”

Popper wrote this elucidation for The Economist; where he explains his paradoxical thought in the following manner:

In ‘The Open Society and its Enemies’ I suggested that an entirely new problem should be recognized as the fundamental problem of a rational political theory… how can we best avoid situations in which a bad ruler causes too much harm?
When we say that the best solution known to us is a constitution that allows a majority vote to dismiss the government, then we do not say the majority vote will always be right. We do not even say that it will usually be right.”

For Popper, the two-party system is a requirement not because any of these parties possesses the truth, but because they can lose, be removed from power, and thus given a chance to think things through and improve.  Consequently, it is the very possibility of losing, and therefore improving, that makes democracies dynamic and progressive:

From the point of view of the new theory, Election day ought to be a Day of Judgment. As Pericles of Athens said in about 430 BC, ‘although only a few may originate a policy, we are all able to judge it.’ Of course, we may misjudge it; in fact, we often do. But if we have lived through a party’s period of power and have felt its repercussions, we have at least some qualifications for judgment…In order to make a majority government probable, we need something approaching a two-party system…. for such a system encourages a continual process of self-criticism by the two parties.”

For Popper, the two –party system is preferable since “an inclination to self-criticism after an electoral defeat is far more pronounced in countries with a two-party system than in those where there are several parties.” It is this self-criticism of a losing party; this desire to reform and modernize that provides healthy development for democracies.
The rule of the last two decades did not improve the economic life of the majority of Americans; in fact, it resulted in the drastic redistribution of wealth. It didn’t bring peace to the world stage. In fact, we are standing on the threshold of nuclear confrontation.
Yet, in the manner of the Germany in 1930s, we are rapidly overstepping democratic principles for the sake of one party and its global ambitions, of the consensus formulated by the PNAC, Council of Foreign Affairs, Atlantic Council, and other think tanks, along with the State Department, and the press, all of whom argue for the same policies all over again. Even now, weeks before the elections, we are reading about the same bureaucrats in Pentagon, CIA, or State Department, haggling for the place in the future Hillary cabinet.
It is those rascals that can be sent home, who are worthy of being voted in. And conversely, it is those rascals, who want to stay in power no matter how wrongheaded, dangerous, or unpopular their policies are that should be thrown out.
There is no absolute truth in politics, there is no end of history, and there is no one size fits all. Popper understood it much better than Fukuyama. History never ends: parties should continue to lose, and thus given a chance to come up with better policies for the next election. Only when Democratic Party is forced to take a back seat, it will contemplate on how it can improve, and offer new policies for the country.
Propping up Hillary as the best embodiment of the failed policies, allowing the same bankers, diplomats, and generals to metastasize into next election and hold the same key positions in the Pentagon, the State Department, CIA or Treasury, is ultimately, the embrace of one party system; it provides a profound disservice to the United States and its democratic tradition.
At the last presidential debate this electoral season, Hillary Clinton pretended to be appalled by Trump’s hypothetical refusal to accept the results of the November elections. Mass media echo chambers went into the override mode bemoaning Trump’s disrespect for the venerable political tradition of peaceful transition of power. Trump was never in power, however.
What is truly appalling is the real, not the hypothetical threat of turning US into a one party system, the system which is so entrenched that it can only mock, dismiss, and conspire to denigrate its opponents. Maybe Mr. Forrestal was right after all. Russians, or rather Soviets, are here, but they do not hack the emails, they write them.


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Oct 31, 2016 1:26 PM

Your article seemed to conveniently leave out the fact that Trumps pick for VP Pense in a neocon!
So what happens when they assassinate The Donald, a faithful neocon is once again in charge of the WH.

Oct 31, 2016 3:42 AM

To learn who are the neocons and crooked elites who control America’s de facto central bank, wall Street, major banks, mainstream media, major oil companies, the military industrial complex and the lobbyists read Preston James PhD’s excellent analysis here:
And if anyone is fed-up with the charade in the American system then he/she should read this too:

Oct 30, 2016 3:52 PM

Thanks for your commitment and activism to air the truth and insights, it is VERY VERY IMPORTANT to have such alternative sources of news and probably the fight get’s toucher – because not only Putin would like to “seal off” his country from alternative sources.
You did the right thing – now it is the question how to get out of it alive 😀
I would really love it if you could also air your thoughts via youtube.com, vimeo.com or even rutube.ru
or is that up to: http://therealnews.com/ ?
love & fun

Oct 30, 2016 2:53 PM

The whole world is dutifully treating this as though this is a binary election: that there is some form of limited democracy being practiced here. In debating the relative meritocracy of Trump or Hillary (neither has any): we are apt to fall into a trap – presuming that it makes the slightest difference who wins.
As Gore Vidal noted “America has only one party – the Property Party – and it has two right wings”: and as George Carlin would say that both ends of the poilitical spectrum were “bought and paid for” a long time ago – by a system that threw the average voter “overboard thirty five years ago.”
The recent clue should have been the Manchurian candidacy of the Obama regime. Elected on a popular mandate of rolling back the insidious attack on the ‘Inalienable rights’ enshrined in the Constitution (perpetrated by the Bush regime) – he did nothing of the sort.
Inter alia – he let Big Pharma design Obamacare; Wall Street design the economy for themselves; and the neocons write ‘his’ foreign policy.
But worst of all for a ‘magnum cum laude’ professor of Constitutional Law – the deep state rolled on and on.
According to Ron Paul – under the cover of this election – Obama secretly signed into law the Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act (CISA). If misused (as it will be) – anyone can now be considered a ‘cyber-threat’ merely for sending an email. This act has been around for a long time – but not even Dubya would dare sign it.
In case we have not got the point – the FBI themselves have told us that a literal “Shadow Government” (the 7th Floor Committee including John Kerry) oversaw which of Hillary’s emails we got to see back in February. Now there is an unprecedented investigation on an ‘unrelated matter’ a week before the election.
Unrelated? Perhaps I need a thicker tin foil hat – but I think not!
Perhaps Hillary isn’t the shoo-in for the neocons we think? Perhaps Trump is seen as more biddable? Perhaps the paranoid patriots are right – that fomenting civil unrest/ civil war is the real agenda?
I don’t pretend to know the answer. What I do contend is that whoever is inaugurated as POTUS in January – it will be business as usual for real drivers of American deep state policy.

Oct 30, 2016 12:24 PM

Superb analysis. Fukuyama’s thesis did indeed supply the neocon establishment in the beltway with the ideological basis for US hegemony. For example:
”In the debates over humanitarian intervention, the case was made that the Westphalian system (1648)” – a system based upon national sovereignty and the inadmissibility of wars against other states without being directly threatened by states, and which brought to an end the wars of the reformation – ” was no longer an adequate framework for international relations.” One might ask in whose opinion? But let this pass for now. ”The end of the cold war brought about a consensus in the ‘World Community’ (?) over the principles of political legitimacy and human rights than before. Sovereignty and therefore legitimacy could no longer be automatically conferred on the de facto power holder of a country. State sovereignty WAS A FICTION (sic – my emphasis) or bad joke in countries like Somalia or Afghanistan which had descended into rule by warlords. Dictators and human rights abusers, like Serbia’s Milosevic, could not hide behind the principle of sovereignty to protect themselves as they committed crimes against humanity … Under these circumstances, outside powers acting in the name of human rights and democratic legitimacy, had not just the right, but a moral obligation to intervene.” (F.Fukuyama – State Building – 2004)
Get that, not just a right to bomb countries which donh’t conform to our view of government, but a MORAL OGLIBATION.
As good as a description of the theory and practice of neo-con, liberal-interventionalist clap-trap yet written. This position was taken up with some alacrity by the resident neo-con zionist clique in the media, state-department and various think tanks in and around the beltway.
Paul Wolfowitz co-authored a document in 1992 which ran thus:
”Our first objective is to prevent the re-emergence of a new rival, either on the territory of the former Soviet Union or elsewhere that poses a threat on the order of that posed formerly by the Soviet Union. This is a dominant consideration underlying the new regional defense strategy and requires that we endeavor to prevent any hostile power from dominating a region whose resources would, under consolidated control, be sufficient to generate global power.”
the Wolfowitz doctrine had set the geopolitical tone for a new age. In 1997 The Project for the New American Century (PNAC) an American think tank based in Washington, D.C. was established – ostensibly a non-profit educational organization founded by William Kristol – son of Irving Kristol and ex-Trotskyist who became known as the Godfather of neo-conservatism – and Robert Kagan. The PNAC’s stated goal was “to promote American global leadership.” For global leadership, read global hegemony.
Thus the theory, and ultimately the practice, of neo-conservative foreign policy, was born and incubated during the triumphalist period of capitalism’s victory in the cold war. Ensuing generations of neo-cons, both inside and outside of government, have been extremely influential in the formulation of US foreign policy. The US Department of State, the Pentagon as well as State Funded think-tanks and NGOs like the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and National Endowment for Democracy (NED) have been infested and used by Neo-cons and their fellow travellers to further their aims.
It should be understood that the NED is, along with others, e.g., USAID, are in fact little more than CIA front organizations, their role being to subvert states which the US regards as being hostile. According to Senator Ron Paul, (Republican Texas, and a libertarian conservative) NED has “very little to do with democracy. It is an organization that uses US tax money to actually subvert democracy, by showering funding on favoured political parties or movements overseas. It underwrites colour-coded ‘people’s revolutions’ overseas that look more like pages out of Lenin’s writings on stealing power than genuine indigenous democratic movements.”
Apart from Kagan and Kristol, the neo-con fraternity has also included Richard Perle, Max Boot, David and Meyrav Wurmser, Victoria Nuland (aka Mrs Victoria Kagan), Norman Podhoretz, John McCain … and so forth. The list is extensive. These are politicians, journalists, academics, think-tankers.
These people are all, without exception, militant Zionists who favour unconditional US support for Israel; a point they emphasise openly and unapologetically. According to Max Boot: ‘’supporting Israel is a key tenet of neo-conservativism’’. In the Israeli election of 1996, Netanyahu was assisted by a campaign team which included Richard Perle and Douglas Feith; these two were instrumental in formalizing a bold new plan, which they outlined in a strategy paper, called “A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm.” The paper argued that only “regime change” in hostile Muslim countries could achieve the necessary “clean break” from the diplomatic standoffs that had followed inconclusive Israeli-Palestinian peace talks.
Operating in key institutions – of which by far the most import was the American Israeli Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), a very powerful Zionist pressure group – the neo-cons were influential in persuading the Republican ruling triumvirate of Bush Jr, Cheney and Rumsfeld to go to war against Iraq, for no other reason that it was perceived to be a threat against Israel and the US and needed to be neutralized.
After ‘mission accomplished’ in 2003, the neo-cons then began to clamour for a war against Syria: ‘’As soon as Baghdad fell in April 2003, the lobby (AIPAC) renewed its campaign against Syria. Encouraged by what then looked like an easy victory in Iraq, Israel’s backers were no longer interested in getting Syria to simply change its behavior. Instead they now wanted to topple the regime itself. Wolfowitz declared that ‘’there has got to be regime change in Syria’’, and Richard Perle told a journalist that ‘‘we could deliver a message, a short two word message (to other hostile regimes in the middle-east): You’re next.’’’ (The Israel Lobby – John Mearsheimer, p.274).
The results of these interventions are now clear to see. The emergence of the ISIS monstrosity was predicated on the chaotic conditions and political vacuum created by the ham-fisted decision to ‘reconfigure’ the middle-east into an Americansed economic/political zone; the momentum for these policies coming from Israel and their US cheerleaders in AIPAC. However, regime change is an unpredictable and costly policy; but being ideologically driven it is not necessarily amenable to rational argument.

Oct 30, 2016 7:49 AM

Very true! See also: “US Elections: No Illusions, Deadly Politics Will be Increased!”: https://wipokuli.wordpress.com/2016/03/06/us-elections-no-illusions-deadly-politics-will-be-increased/

Oct 30, 2016 3:37 AM

Popper is very mistaken about two parties being the best Democracy. That mistake is proven by the situation today in America. Basically all the American voters are doing is replacing one oligarchic presidential aspirant with another time after time, not good! Other truly democratic nations have third parties that keep the two major parties on their toes in case they lose enough support to allow their opponent to gain supremacy. In one case I know of personally, a third party became to main opposition to the government because the former ruling Party became too arrogant to be suffered any longer by the voting public. Without this possibility, democracy becomes nothing but a game of musical chairs!

Oct 30, 2016 4:48 AM
Reply to  archie1954

Like all forms of government democracies are intrinsically flawed and can never be perfected (see Arrow’s theorem). While they can be modified to favor one social or economic group over another they can never fully reflect all of the aspirations of all of the participants at the same time. (It’s a bit like a waterbed — press down in one place and it bulges somewhere else.)
The problem arises when the falsehood is put that governments are perfectible, or that there is an identifiably ‘best’ model which will rectify all, or most, problems.
Libertarianism is one such damaging lie (previous variations including Nazism and the Great Leap Forward). Under the guise of social and economic ‘perfectibility’ or ‘reform’ it seeks to dismantle or neuter government agencies and functions in favor of sectional interests such as business groups and lobbyists, and to introduce economic and social biases that do terminal damage to the humane charter subscribed to by the majority of people .
The divide-and-conquer principle is used to isolate citizens from each other. These violent trends represent a violation by powerful sectional interests of the implicit social contract between government and the governed.
As philosopher John Ralston Saul has noted, the agents who dominate our current public discourse about democracy and governance are not democrats but Bolsheviks and Jacobins committed to destruction of the common good as expressed in progressive taxation, government regulations, the rule of law, public accountability and respect for public assets, the environment and the people. It’s a government of asset strippers and looters.

Oct 30, 2016 10:05 AM
Reply to  damien

Western style democracy is meaningless. A billionaire Industrialist with 300,000 employees gets ONE vote, so does his junior staff canteens’ kitchen assistant. When a favored candidate is not doing well or even if they are, paper votes are lost, extras stuffed into boxes, miscounted. Computers are hacked. If the wrong one gets in, they can be assassinated, sickened, impeached. They can be threatened to toe the line. All promises can be legally broken on day 1 with paltry excuses.
Benevolent, non-greedy dictators or tough guys who won’t bow to external pressure.. get through.
On day in the distant future when we have ‘developed’, we’ll have highly skilled technocrats make the decisions, preferably with input for higher intelligences*, and people will only vote for changes in laws. * The Pleiadian Mission by Randolph Winters, but only for those who don’t accept that ancestors 4M years ago were chimps.

Oct 30, 2016 10:50 AM
Reply to  tommytcg

“On day in the distant future when we have ‘developed’, we’ll have highly skilled technocrats make the decisions.”
Presumably they will all work for Monsanto or Raytheon.

Oct 30, 2016 1:36 PM
Reply to  archie1954

The closest system to a functioning democracy is that in Switzerland, where ‘the people’ (the registered electorate) are the sovereign power and can make and break laws. One of the most remarkable features of that system is that the ‘federal government’ is composed of 7 people representing 4 different parties. The central government’s function is to propose national policies and laws. It does not and cannot impose them because the concept of popular sovereignty means that the final decisions are always made by the people.
Another vital feature is that of the cantonal system, with each canton having its own constitution and cantonal parliament.
Underpinning all this are the direct-democratic rights of initiative and referendum, which allow citizens to both propose new laws and to strike down laws passed by the cantonal or national parliaments.
It’s not a perfect system. Switzerland is a relatively conservative country and, as in any country, the people are influenced by media and political propaganda. The successful implanting in people’s minds of the myth of large-scale Islamic fundamentalist terrorism – based on the grand lie of 9/11 and the many smaller, but no less significant, lies of the proliferating false flags – resulted in a swing to the right in Switzerland which favoured the Swiss People’s Party (SVP), which now holds two of the seven seats in the Federal Council. The lies allowed the SVP to use the initiative system to have a law passed banning the construction of further Muslim minarets.
Nonetheless, the Swiss system is the best existing model for a functioning democracy. It accommodates with ease 26 sovereign cantons and four linguistic groups. It accommodated the ‘separatist’ desires of the people of the Jura region and in a model democratic process allowed the birth of a new canton, even allowing individual communities to decide to which canton they wished to belong. The model could and should have been used for the EU – but real democracy was never in the minds of its ‘Atlanticist’ creators.

Oct 30, 2016 4:52 PM
Reply to  paulcarline

The Swiss system sounds fantastic. Another way of looking at democracy is its ability to provide freedom for its people. Recently Canada’s system was rated along with the rest of the World’s nations and came out #1 for the providing the most freedom overall. The US came in 15th place.