All posts filed under: Turkey

Middle East, post-Daesh: Some Possible Scenarios

by Denis Churilov, October 2, 2017 ISIS/Daesh is likely to be defeated in Syria and Iraq very soon. But will it bring peace to the region?  No. There are many potential local conflicts that can break out in the nearest future. Some of them are already going on, some of them are in the dormant state, waiting to be triggered.  Other conflicts might be created spontaneously out of thin air. Let’s try to predict the upcoming conflicts in the Middle East.  The following list contains the worst case scenarios that are not mutually exclusive and can, in fact, facilitate one another in a domino effect style: A civil war in Iraq between Kurdish Erbil and Iranian-backed Baghdad government. We have already seen reports on the clashes between Peshmerga forces and the Shia militias in 2016. The recent developments with the referendum may soon exacerbate the situation, especially considering that ISIS has been seriously weakened and now can’t serve as a unifying common threat factor. Kurds in Turkey. The clashes between various Kurdish militants and Erdogan’s …

Did the “failed” Turkish coup lay the groundwork for a NATO invasion of Syria?

by Prof. Michel Chossudovsky This is the second of our twin articles offering different interpretations of the current political situation in Turkey and Syria. The first article, by Eric Zuesse, was published earlier today and can be found here. In mid-July, President Erdogan pointed his finger at the CIA, accusing US intelligence of having supported a failed coup directed against his government. Turkish officials pointed to a deterioration of US-Turkey relations following Washington’s refusal to extradite Fethullah Gülen, the alleged architect of the failed coup. Erdogan’s Justice Minister Bekir Bozdag was categorical: If the US does not deliver [Gulen], they will sacrifice relations with Turkey for the sake of a terrorist” Public opinion was led to believe that relations with the US had not only deteriorated, but that Erdogan had vowed to restore “an axis of friendship” with Moscow, including “cooperation in the defence sector”. This was a hoax. Turkey’s Invasion of Syria The implementation of the Turkish invasion required routine consultations with the US and NATO, coordination of military logistics, intelligence, communications systems, coordination …

Turkey’s New Relationship with Russia…and Assad

by Eric Zuesse This is the first of our twin articles offering different interpretations of the current political situation in Turkey and Syria. The second article, by Prof. Michel Chossudovsky, can be found here. Until the July 15th U.S.-backed (or so the Turkish government alleges) coup-attempt to overthrow Turkey’s President Tayyip Erdogan, Erdogan was trying to overthrow Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad, whom the U.S. regime likewise wants to overthrow. However, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin saved Erdogan’s Presidency, and probably Erdogan’s life, by contacting him hours prior to the pending coup and thus enabled him to plan and prepare so as to overcome the attempt, and crush the operation. Putin wouldn’t have known ahead-of-time about the coup-plan unless Russian intelligence had provided to him intelligence that it was coming. This intelligence might have included information about whom the source of it was. If Putin had intelligence regarding that matter, then he presumably shared it with Erdogan at that time — prior to the coup. Promptly on July 16th, Erdogan announced that the source of the coup …

Rebuking the “no-fly” zone myth over syria

by Andrew Korybko With much speculation – not to say hysteria – currently in the alt media that Russia has mishandled the situation in Syria, that the US is pushing to shoot down a Russian jet because they “know” Russia will not respond, or that Turkey is playing both sides to its own advantage, Korybko offers, in this brief piece, a different perspective that may not be receiving enough attention right now. Time will tell which perspective has the most validity of course, but many of the pundits who excoriated Russia’s refusal to engage militarily in Ukraine as an abject weakness and failure are now describing the situation in Syria in similar language. They were proved entirely wrong in the first instance, so they may well proved wrong again here. There is no formal “no fly” zone in Syria because that requires: a) “grounding” the targeted air force by bombing their on-the-ground positions (hangers) like they did Libya and Iraq; b) exercising continual air dominance over the targeted area with regular patrols; c) and proceeding …

Turkey’s choice between death and malaria

by Deniz Torcu, Katoikos, July 2016 The coup failed, but democracy did not win. The attempted coup on the night of Friday, 15 July, was a surprise for both Turkey and the international community at large. Despite the history replete with coups over the course of the twentieth century, no one foresaw a further – albeit weak – attempt to take power this century. A faction within the Turkish army, allegedly linked to Fettulah Gülen – an Islamic cleric residing in Pennsylvania for decades in a self-imposed exile – attempted to take control of the Turkish state in a rather clumsy manner, hardly even closing bridges or sending tanks to the major airports, while the main target, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, was able to quietly call a halt to his holiday on the southern coast of Turkey, to connect with the media on his mobile phone. As soon as he had landed safely at Istanbul’s Ataturk Airport, Erdogan appealed to the people to take to the streets.  His call was immediately followed by thousands of supporters …

Turkey crosses into Syria: unipolar conspiracy or multipolar coordination?

by Andrew Korybko at Katehon It’s very fashionable nowadays for people to criticize the Kremlin for incompetency, and its recent history of controversial decisions coupled with the suspected liberal fifth-and-six-column infiltration of key national institutions gives plenty of ground for this, but sometimes people jump the gun, such as when accusing Russia of being ‘duped’ by Turkey. It’s interesting that no such criticisms are publicly leveled against Iran despite Tehran bending over backwards to Ankara during and after the failed pro-US coup attempt against Erdogan, but double standards are the norm when people engage in diatribes, and it’s always been the case that Russia has caught much more flak than anyone else whenever multipolar commentators critique their own camp. This is the precisely the case with the news that Turkish forces have crossed into Syria, with the most common knee-jerk reaction being that President Putin was manipulated by Erdogan as part of some large-scale Machiavellian plot, though of course, without making any mention that this charge could more rightly be directed against the Ayatollah. Anyhow, …

The Traitors Cemetery: Burial Place of Turkish Coup Plotters

by Gürkan Özturan, Katoikos Turkey has opened its first Traitors’ Cemetery in the aftermath of the July 15th coup attempt and Istanbul Metropolitan Mayor announced that the first burial has taken place. There is a place needed, to be called the cemetery of the traitors; all passers-by to curse when around it. All those walking by should curse and spit on it; there shall be no resting in peace for them, even in their graves.” Kadir Topbas, Istanbul Metropolitan Mayor Some days it feels like life in Turkey is a chapter in a dark and deep dystopian novel. Today is one of those days. On July 20th, only days after the failed coup attempt, Istanbul Metropolitan Mayor, Kadir Topbaş announced his will to open a cemetery for the traitors who participated in the bloody coup on July 15th. According to media reports, the cemetery has just been opened and the first burial taken place. The first body buried is Captain Mehmet Karabekir who killed the community chief in Istanbul’s Acıbadem neighbourhood on the night of …

Is The U.S. Behind Fethullah Gulen?

by Dani Rodrik Whenever I talk with another Turk about the Gulen movement, a question invariably props up: is the CIA behind Gulen? In fact for most Turks this is a rather rhetorical question, with an incontrovertible answer. The belief that Gulen and his activities are orchestrated by the U.S. is as strongly held as it is widespread among Turks of all political coloration – secular or Islamist. This is my attempt at providing a reasoned answer to the question. My conclusion in brief: I don’t think Gulen is a tool of the U.S. or has received support from the U.S. for its clandestine operations. But it is possible that some elements within the U.S. national security apparatus think Gulen furthers their agenda, is worth protecting on U.S. soil, and have so far prevailed on other voices in the establishment with different views. Regardless, the U.S. needs to seriously reconsider its attitude towards Gulen and his movement. Direct support? Those who believe the U.S. is behind Gulen typically make two arguments. First, they point to …

“Gulen-Gate” Islamic Terrorists at the Democratic National Convention

by GH Eliason Why are known terrorists at the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia? Doesn’t the Secret Service vet people that are in the same building as the President of the United States anymore? What the hell is going on? Invited as a guest to the 2016 Democratic National Convention is none other than Kadri Veseli, the Speaker of the Kosovo Assembly. Veseli is a former Kosovar Albanian leader of the KLA and its spy organization SHIK. He’s being indicted along with the current president of Kosovo, Hashim Thaci for small things like organ trafficking and crimes against humanity. A new investigation into the shadowy spy group, known as Shik, could also prove embarrassing for western intelligence agencies, particularly the CIA and France’s DGSE, whose support for prime minister Hashim Thaçi, the PDK and Shik dates back to the 1998-9 Kosovo war. At the time, the Americans and French backed Thaçi as the most effective Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) commander fighting the Serbian military, which was conducting a brutal counter-insurgency and “ethnic-cleansing campaign”…The launch of the new enquiry, which will be conducted by Kosovan …

What is Fethulla Gülen?

by F. William Engdahl, for NEO Since the failed coup attempt in Turkey of July 15 there has been much speculation in western media that it in fact was all engineered by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to provide him with the pretext to impose emergency rule and to jail any and all opposition to his rule. At this point evidence still suggests that that was not at all the case. Rather, as I wrote at the time when it was clear the coup attempt was collapsing, it was a coup initiated by the CIA acting through their primary asset inside Turkey, the networks of their fugitive Turkish asset Fethullah Gülen. When we examine more closely “what” is Fethullah Gülen he is anything but the grandfatherly image of a 75-year-old soft-spoken Islamic moderate, scholar and Imam. His networks have been called the most dangerous in Germany by Islamic experts and have been banned in several Central Asian countries. Now, too, in Turkey. What’s becoming clear is that the failed coup was in fact a dry-run, a dress …

Thoughts on the Coup Attempt in Turkey

by Patrick Armstrong There is still a lot that is murky about it, the most murky being US involvement and foreknowledge, but I believe some conclusions can be drawn. There was a real, home-grown coup being plotted against Erdoğan. It probably combined Gülenist and Kemalist elements. While these two seem unlikely allies, coup alliances – especially ones planning to assassinate the leader – are animated more by what they are against than by what they are for. The plotters often cannot think past The Deed: Brutus and Cassius expected that with Caesar gone, the “republic” would re-appear; the killers of Sadat imagined that with “Pharaoh” gone, all would be well. But all they got was another Caesar and another “Pharaoh”. Thus a temporary coming together of Gülenists and Kemalists to overthrow the “Sultan” is not impossible. This coup had been in preparation for some time and Turkish security got wind of it (“received information” is the phrase being used) in time to warn Erdoğan to get out just ahead of the assassins. The story that …

The Sultan of (Emergency) Swing

by Pepe Escobar, via Strategic Culture Amidst an astonishing, relentless, wide-ranging purge that shows no signs of abating, with 60,000 – and counting – civil servants, academics, judges, prosecutors, policemen, soldiers jailed, fired, suspended or stripped of professional accreditation, it’s relatively established by now the Turkish government was very much informed a military coup was imminent on July 15. The information may have come from Russian intelligence, although neither Moscow nor Ankara will reveal any details. So, once and for all, this was no false flag. A top, secular Middle Eastern intel analyst with an Istanbul front seat view to the coup clarified the internal political context even before the – widely expected – proclamation of a state of emergency (if France can do it, why not Turkey?): «They knew five to six hours beforehand that a coup was in the works and let it go ahead, knowing, as they must have, that it would fail… This affair has propelled Erdogan to semi-divine status among his supporters. The way is clear for him to get what he wants, …

The Coup d’État Was against Kemalists

by Mehmet Perinçek, via Defend Democracy Turkish historian and political scientist, former political prisoner in the case of “Ergenekon,” Mehmet Perincek comments on the unsuccessful coup attempt in Turkey: The people who prepared this putsch are absolutely not Kemalists.  This upheaval was purely pro-American.  Its core was the Gülen movement, which works for the CIA.  Of course, pro-American officers and generals tried to organize a revolution.  But it was supported by a minority of the army.  They had no chance of success, because the majority has objected to any overturn.  Another interesting tidbit: some Russian experts declared that this cataclysm has been planned as a response to Erdogan’s domestic policy, which does not correspond to founding President Ataturk’s principles. That is not accurate.  This coup d’état was against Kemalists, and Kemalist officers didn’t participate in any form. Attempts to discredit  Kemalists is in the interests of the CIA and organizers of the upheaval.  Thus, they provide cover for Gülen followers and try to rescue pro-American officers.  This coup had been planned at the Incirlik Air …

Turkey Between Two Fascisms

by Jooneed Khan, via Global Research, July 19, 2016 [ President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, elected in 2014 and whose AKP party swept back to power with 52% of the votes last November, repeated through the crisis that he and his government represented democratic legitimacy and blamed the putschist “treason” on “a handful of military people” close to his Islamist rival Fethullah Gülen, living in self-exile in the US. In a country where the military sees itself as the guardian of Kemalist legitimacy and has often seized power by coups d’État in the past, the putsch leaders this time accused Erdogan and his team of violating the constitution, perverting democracy, expanding and deepening corruption, putting “internal and regional peace” at risk, and rushing towards authoritarianism. Restoring the Death Penalty Back in power in Ankara yesterday from his base in Istanbul, where he was mayor once and where he stayed throughout the crisis, Erdogan quickly told the coup participants, 2800 of whom were behind bars, that he would “make them pay dearly for their treason” – a …

Post-failed-coup geopolitics of the Turkish situation

by George Ades After the “chilling” of relations between Russia and Turkey following the downing of the Russian jet over Syria, Turkey suffered the effects of an economic embargo justifiably imposed on her by Moscow, as a result of which millions of Russian tourists stayed away from that country with dire effects for the Turkish economy; furthermore, the trade ban between the two countries begun to show its negative effects on Turkey. That is the economic aspect of the situation. When the Russian jet was shot down, either with or without the prior knowledge of the Turkish government, Erdogan, fearing Russian reprisals, attempted to draw his NATO allies into the fray but aside from a generic statement of “Every country has a right to defend its own borders and airspace” from Washington, there was no actual support for this NATO ally who found himself alone facing the claws of the bear. At the same time there was no knee jerk reaction from Moscow as we have witnessed for the hostile incident by Turkey, but a …

Behind the CIA’s Failed Coup in Turkey: Was It Only a Dry Run?

from the Corbett Report: “…As we predicted last year, the deep state coup against Erdogan finally materialized last weekend…but it fizzled out almost as quickly as it arrived. So what are we to make of this would-be putsch? Did Erdogan allow it to happen in order to further cement his control on the rebound? Or was this merely a trial run for the real CIA/NATO/Gulenist coup yet to come? And what role do the Turkish people play in all of this? Joining us today to dissect the mayhem is Sibel Edmonds and Spiro Skouras of Newsbud.com….”

Why The Failed Turkish Coup Attempt Wasn’t A “False Flag” Power Grab By Erdogan

by Andrew Korybko The failed coup attempt against Erdogan provoked a flurry of excited polemics in the alternative informational space, leading to the emergence of two competing hypotheses. The author already published his own analysis on how this was actually a sloppy, last-ditch move by the US to frantically offset the game-changing geopolitical consequences of the surprise Russian-Turkish detente, but the other main theory that’s going around is that this was all a false flag attempt by Erdogan to seize more power. The False Flag Theory There are plenty of reasons why this is believable, not least of which is Erdogan’s involvement in other false flag plans such as the aborted 2014 mission to attack the Suleyman Shah tomb in northern Syria as a pretext for launching an all-out invasion. The Turkish strongman has also been implicated in the terrorist bombing campaign that broke out in the southern part of the country last summer and was eventually used as the grounds for relaunching hostilities against the Kurds. Advocates of the “false flag coup” theory point …

Hints at a developing western narrative on the failed coup in Turkey?

The fact the Guardian is giving a sympathetic ear to Fethullah Gülen, the man Turkish president Erdogan alleges was behind the failed coup, could be a hint at some of the complex realities and conflicting loyalties here. As indeed can the media’s sudden and renewed discovery of the Erdogan government’s long history of brutality, which is also being freshly aired by the BBC. The Guardian article even suggests the coup may have been staged by Erdogan to increase his own popularity. Again this is interesting. In general it’s only regimes we’re being invited to disapprove of or demonise that are accused of shady dealings and false flags. Any suggestion that a friendly nation could stage a fake coup would usually be greeted with cries of “conspiracy theory.” So it looks as if Erdogan is in an ambiguous position with his masters in Washington right now. A development that may not be entirely unconnected with Erdogan’s recent overtures of conciliation toward Russia. Erdogan is demanding Gülen’s extradition, and the US is requesting evidence of the latter’s …

Erdogan To Lead NATO Challenge Against Russia on Black Sea?

May 18, 2016 (EIRNS) While attention has been focused on NATO provocations in the Baltic, the Black Sea — thanks to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan — could become the next hotspot in the encirclement of Russia.  Hurriyet Daily News commentator Serkan Demirtas writes that Erdogan will now take over Turkish foreign policy, and make the Black Sea a new focus of attention. Demirtas warns that Erdogan is making a radical departure from Turkey’s historically cautious policy regarding the Black Sea, which is based on the 1937 Montreux Convention. The Convention gives all countries access through the Bosporus Straits, but bans passage to aircraft carriers from non-Black Sea states, thus keeping U.S. carriers out. Turkey has also traditionally assured the U.S. Navy kept a low profile in the region. Erdogan is currently changing this policy. Demirtas refers to a speech Erdogan made last week at a meeting of visiting chiefs of staff from Balkan countries. He was reported telling the visiting NATO General Secretary Jens Stoltenberg, “You are not visible in the Black Sea. And …

Soros-Obama-Merkel-Erdogan Win Control of Europe

by Eric Zuesse On Friday, March 18th, a combined effort by George Soros, Barack Obama, Angela Merkel, and Tayyip Erdogan, has arranged to get the EU to abandon previously sacrosanct fundamental human rights of refugees, and to transfer $6B+ to Turkey, in return for placing the refugee burden onto Turkey and getting Turkey to cooperate so as to assist the breakup of Syria, which will enable a gas-pipeline and an oil-pipeline to be built through Syria to enable Qatar’s gas and Saudi Arabia’s oil to be pipelined through Syria into the EU, so as to replace Russian oil and gas, which now fuel the EU. Here, in my rush translations from the original German-language reports at German Economic News (Deutsche Wirtschafts Nachrichten) are the key reports and headlines: Turkey deal: Germany could take majority of refugees [Translated by Eric Zuesse from] German Economic News  |  Published:18:03:16 02:56 Clock The most important consequence of the EU summit is not in the official statement. A plan long discussed, now finalizing: Germany takes the majority of refugees from Turkey, and oil and gas pipelines will …